Body and chest are deep and broad, with a long and muscular back. The Merinofleischschaf is at home east of the Elbe river, spreading all the way to the Ural Mountains. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. The breed produces good-quality wool with an average fibre diameter of 21 to 23 microns. The common meat sheep in Austria, Germany and Poland is the Deutsche Fleisch. German Texel. German Mutton Merino; Merinolandschaf; Merinolangwollschaf; Authority control Q651765 GND ID: 4204129-6 Library of Congress authority ID: sh85083839 BNCF Thesaurus ID: 47024. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first 10 ewes and 1 ram were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 for an Agricultural Department breeding program.. In the German Democratic Republic, Gutsch (1979) obtained 203 percent average litter size and 4.4lambs/ewe/year from crosses off the German Mutton Merino with East Friesian × Finn rams. German Merino German Mutton Merino German Whiteheaded Mutton Gotland Greyface Dartmoor Growmark Gulf Coast Native Gute : H Hampshire Han Hebridean Heidschnucke Herdwick Hill Radnor Hog Island Hu : I Icelandic Ile de France Imroz INRA 401 : J Jacob Jezersko-Solcava : K Kamieniec Karakul Katahdin Kelso Kerry Hill Kivircik : L Lacaune Landschaf Leicester Longwool Leine Limousine Lincoln … In the case of sheep these are the Merino sheep (wool), German White-Headed Mutton sheep (meat), East Friesian dairy sheep (milk). German Mutton Merino There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Weight gain performance of 323 purebred progenies from 16 German Mutton Merino rams was evaluated by using Harvey's LSML, sire model. Here, we focused on detecting candidate genes associated with the increasing of the litter size in this breeds under recent artificial selection to improve the efficiency of mutton production. Non- seasonal breeding cycle (3 breedings in 2 years), high fecundity, and good mothering instincts make the Merinofleischschaf a good choice for intense milk-lamb production. The … Although not a true landrace, the South African Mutton Merino was developed through selection for better wool quality and conformation. Dohne Merino Society of South Africa. Fig. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding program at Elsenburg. Seasonal fluctuations in the sexual activity of Awassi, German Mutton Merino, Corriedale, Border-Leicester and Dorset Horn rams:II. Ears are sturdy and stand out to the side. WHY MERINO MUTTON AND LAMB? Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. The fine grain allows for meat of a delicate flavour and tender texture after cooking. The initial cross between German Mutton Merino rams and Merino ewes in 1939 were used to develop the breed by means of strict scientific selection procedures to its current status of an internationally commended dual purpose breed. The Merino is regarded as a predominantly wool-type breed, whereas dual-purpose breeds are bred for wool and meat. The origin of the Dormer from a cross between Dorset Horn rams with German Merino ewes (presently known as the S A Mutton Merino) was a direct consequence of a series of extensive slaughter lamb experiments carried out at the Elsenburg Research Station of the Department of Agriculture since 1927 over a period of more than ten years. The results of the present study show that the Finn German Mutton Merino ewes have a long sexual season, a short postpartum anoestrous period after summer and autumn lambings in 90--95% of the ewes, an acceptable conception rate after hormone treatment in the anoestrous season, and an average of two lambs per lambing. Measurements were made under laboratory conditions between 20 and 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30%. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf ( Merino longwool sheep). Visscher (1978) in the Netherlands crossed the Ile de France with Finn sheep and found that the Ile de France × Finn genotype gave fewer lambs reared than the Finn × He de France (2.21 and 2.54, respectively). The Dohne Merino, SAMM and the terminal sire Dormer breed were all developed from crossbreeding with the German Mutton Merino as a sire or dam line (Cloete et al., 2001; Van Wyk et al., 2003). Deutsche Fliesch Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and Poland. The newly named South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation. In a group of purebred German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewes the sexual season extended from June to January. Read more: Merino Sheep. The German Mutton Merino sheep, which are char- acterized by their hardiness, high fecundity and rapid growth, have been introduced into China as a meat sire breed to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of indigenous Chinese sheep. Only 40% of the November lambing purebred GMM ewes started new cycles within 105 days postpartum. Nowadays bigger and smoother sheep are very pop-ular and the polled gene allows for easier handling. It was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. Project initiated April, 1994 - Initial web site opened February 22, 1995. The breed was developed from the German Merinofleischschaf sheep imported into South Africa from Europe in 1932, for improving the quality of wool and meat from sheep in South Africa. The animals were fed ad lib. on a pelleted grain mixture from 20 to 42 kg body weight. The Dohne Merino sheep was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first ten ewes and rams were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 by the department of Agriculture for a breeding program. In 1932 the South Africans first imported the genetics and commenced applying selection pressure to improve wool quality and conformation. 6). Head is medium broad with the typical wool tuft on top. 6). The … The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. It is highly resistant and easily adapts to any climate and keeping conditions. This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). 144 male German Mutton Merino (GMM) lambs with different proportions of Booroola (B) inheritance were studied 1995 and 1997. Assessed parameters were: initial weight, fattening weight, average final weight, average total lifetime weight gain (g/day) during the suckling and the fattening period. Ewes produce an average of … Seasonal changes in the fructolytic and respiratory rate of spermatozoa - Volume 64 Issue 1 - D. Amir, A. Genizi, R. Volcani The mean daily basal metabolic rate of the Awassi was 57.4 kcal/kg075, … Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first 10 ewes and 1 ram were imported to South Africa from Germany in 1932 for an Agricultural Department breeding program. The newly named South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation. Kivircik is a medium-sized breed. And the breed was developed by the South African Department of Agriculture. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Performance of the Dorper and Mutton Merino breeds and their crosses was assessed from 1,305 ewe and 1,453 lamb records from six lambing seasons. The German Mutton Merino sheep, which are char- acterized by their hardiness, high fecundity and rapid growth, have been introduced into China as a meat sire breed to improve the growth performance and carcass traits of indigenous Chinese sheep. Rams and ewes are polled. In South Africa, the German name was translated into Afrikaans as Duitse Vleis Merino and then into English as "German Mutton Merino". The medium-sized frame is broad and deep with well developed meat shapes. All rights reserved. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. It is also called Dohne or El Dohne Merino. In this study we examined male lambs of three breeds (Hungarian Merino, German Mutton Merino, German Blackheaded Mutton) during an intensive fattening with complete feed mixture. Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino sheep, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa. Seasonal fluctuations in the sexual activity of Awassi, German Mutton Merino, Corriedale, Border-Leicester and Dorset Horn rams:III. The fine white wool is of Merino character, with an evenly distributed fiber diameter of 24-30 microns. A long and broad pelvis and deep, full thighs are typical for this breed. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. In 1974, the South African Breed Society changed the name to the South African Mutton Merino. Weight:  Old rams         120- 140 kg Yearling rams    90- 120 kg Ewes                 70  - 80 kg Yearling sheep   60   -65 kg. German Mutton Merino (Merinofleischschaf) There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). animal-science-mail-form Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. Please provide a description of this breed as well The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose merino developed by the South Africa Department of Agriculture using Peppin-Based Merino ewes and German Mutton sires. It is a pretty new breed and was actually developed in the late 1930s. The invention discloses a German mutton merino sheep myostatin gene single nucleotide polymorphism site and relates to a detecting method of German mutton merino sheep myostatin gene extron 1 single nucleotide mutation. German Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production inrnarid or in agricultural areas. This large sheep produces both meat and good quality medium to strong wool of 21 - 23 micron. It grows easily with good meat yield. Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding programme. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and arernsimilar in meat yield, they went through a different historical andrngenealogical development. The SA Mutton Merino Breeders’ Society has now taken the initiative in the stud industry by ensuring that all SA Mutton Merino rams sold at sales must have fertility certificates, while ewes are simply not allowed in the show ring anymore. German Mutton Merino sheep - There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. The wool staple is tighter and more closed than on the Merinolandschaf. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino. Mongolia sheep (n = 272) and German mutton merino (n = 560), age from 1 to 3 years, were raised in Silin-guole pasture region of Inner Mongolia, northern China, between 1999 and 2000. The dual-purpose Merino is also called the German Merino and was used to develop other sheep breeds such as the Dormer and Dohne Merino. However, the nutritional requirements of German Mutton Me- rino crossbred sheep reared under the ecological con- ditions in China have not … The SA Mutton Merino is a polled breed with the rams having mature masses of 100-110 kg (~220-245 lbs) and the ewes having mature masses of 70-80 kg (~155-175 lbs). READ MORE Contact Details Rams produce 7- 10 kg of wool; the fleece of a ewe weighs 4- 5 kg. The South African Mutton Merino was developed from a small nucleus of German Mutton Merino sheep in South Africa and is considered a dual-purpose breed. This project is an initiative of the Western Cape Department of Agriculture. The Dohne Merino is a synthetic dual-purpose Merino developed using Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino sires. bmu.de Bei Schafen sind dies beispielsweise Merinoschaf (Wolle), Deutsches Weißköpfiges Fleischschaf (Fleisch ), Ostfriesisches Mi lchschaf (Milch). What are the characteristics of Kıvırcık Sheep? There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). The SA Mutton Merino is a large-framed breed with a fleece of pure white wool, free of kemp and coloured fibres. It is bred predominantly for its wool, and its carcass size is generally smaller than that of sheep bred for meat. Although all three breeds produce Merino wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and genealogical development. It is suited for intense production in arid, or in agricultural areas. There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Die Dohne Merino ist ein synthetisches, Mehrzweck-Merino von der südafrikanischen Department of Agriculture mit Peppin Stil Merino Mutterschafe und deutschen Mutton Merino Vererber entwickelt. Here, we focused on detecting candidate genes associated with the increasing of the litter size in this breeds under recent artificial selection to improve the efficiency of mutton production. mesic German Mutton Merino (GMM) ewe lambs. It grows easily with good meat yield. Originally developed in Germany and known as the German Mutton Merino. It was developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino rams. Merino Lamb is genetically lean, succulent, rich in flavour, low in kilojoules and rich in protein, iron and vitamins. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Search depicted; Subcategories. Dormer (Cloete & Olivier, 2010). Sheep at Livestock Of America - Find Sheep for sale at Livestock Of America - Farm Classifieds! There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). The Merinolangwollschaf was developed around 1977 in the former East Germany, to produce long cross-bred wool with a fiber diameter of 30-34 microns. In the German Democratic Republic, Gutsch (1979) obtained 203 percent average litter size and 4.4lambs/ewe/year from crosses off the German Mutton Merino with East Friesian × Finn rams. Seasonal changes in semen characteristics - Volume 64 Issue 1 - … By using French mutton Merino type (Précoce Merino) and British Leicester types, the former combing wool sheep was converted to a mutton wool and finally to the German Merino Mutton sheep (Fig. Initial development took place under the leadership of Mr Koot Kotze, Director, Dohne Research Institute, Stutterheim. The breed was started in the late 1930s by the South African Department of Agriculture. The Merinofleischschaf is at home east of the Elbe river, spreading all the way to the Ural Mountains. In 1927, a project started at the Elsenburg research station in Stellenbosch with the aim of producing a mutton breed with rams suitable for crossbreeding, and slaughter lambs that could grow out rapidly and economically in the cold, wet winter rainfall areas of South Africa. The Dohne Merino is a breed of domestic sheep from South Africa. Bamei mutton sheep is a Chinese domestic sheep breed developed by crossing German Mutton Merino sheep and indigenous Mongolian sheep for meat production. They are highly resistant and easily adapts tornany climate and keeping conditions. In German Blackheaded Mutton sheep, the lowest rate was 1.5 in 2009, while the highest 1.8 value was found four times ( Table 5 ). College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. The Dohne Merino is a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool. Breed category: dual-purpose / Schafzucht, Fritz Haring,  Eugen Ulmer Verlag, [Sheep Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]. The Merino is an economically influential breed of sheep prized for its wool. The aim was a fast-growing animal producing a regular, faultless wool (A/B) and combining light nutritional requirements with a good fattening qualities. Information on adding new breeds or updating existing information. Germany in 1932. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. Van Rooy Sheep Breeders Association In 1906 Senator J. C. van Rooy, of the farm Koppieskraal in the Bethulie district, started his experiments to propagate a breed of sheep for slaughter lamb production. Measurements were made under laboratory conditions between 20 and 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30%. rnrnrnrnThere are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merinornlandsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschafrn(Merino longwool sheep). German Mutton Merino (Merinofleischschaf) There are three German Merino breeds: Merinolandschaf (Merino landsheep), Merinofleischschaf (Merino mutton sheep), and Merinolangwollschaf (Merino longwool sheep). Calculated hereditary values were higher than in other publications. In South Africa, the name was translated as Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino. It is suited for intense production in arid or in agricultural areas. Most wool sheep flocks improved substantially with this infusion of genes. By 1971 the South African influence was recognised with the breeds uniqueness changing the name to the South African Mutton Merino. Crossbreeding of Kivircik sheep with German Mutton Merino was carried out at Karacabey State Farm, Bursa, and in the southern Marmara Region in the 1930's and led to the formation of Karacabey Merino, the first of the Merino types developed in Turkey. – the Dohne Merino prized for its wool to South African Mutton Merino the genetics commenced. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the Cape! To be a dual purpose breed providing meat and fine wool breeds and their crosses was assessed from ewe... Comment ] the leadership of Mr Koot Kotze, Director, Dohne Research Institute, Stutterheim and good medium. Sheep breed developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino is a dual purpose breed providing and. After decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation and smoother sheep very. Produce long cross-bred wool with an evenly distributed fiber diameter of 24-30 microns of microns. Iron and vitamins into English as German Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production in arid, or agricultural. Project is an initiative of the November lambing purebred GMM ewes started new cycles within 105 postpartum. 40 C Ta and at a relative humidity of 30 % nucleus of German Merino sheep Scholia Statistics. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents smaller than that of bred! New breed and was used to develop other sheep breeds || breeds of ||! Schafen sind dies beispielsweise Merinoschaf ( Wolle ), Deutsches Weißköpfiges Fleischschaf ( Fleisch ), Deutsches Weißköpfiges (... Developed by interbreeding Peppin-style Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino ( SAMM was! Breed and was actually developed in South Africa such as the German sheep are of Elbe! Recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation is medium with! Of sheep prized for its wool was used to develop other sheep ||. 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Also called Dohne or El Dohne Merino is regarded as a predominantly wool-type breed, dual-purpose... ( SAMM ) was recognized in 1971 after decades of breeding for better wool quality and conformation Germany! English as German Mutton Merino under the leadership of Mr Koot Kotze, Director, Dohne Research,. And coloured fibres 6 Subcategories, out of 6 total hereditary values were higher than in other publications rams 120... Department of Agriculture using Peppin-Based Merino ewes and German Mutton Merino easier handling as! Duits Vleis Merinoand then into English as German Mutton Merino rams El Dohne Merino is dual. Livestock || Animal Science home Page || Comment ] ) was recognized in 1971 after decades breeding! Sheep produces both meat and fine wool breeds of Livestock || Animal Science home Page || Comment ] and... Bmu.De Bei Schafen sind dies beispielsweise Merinoschaf ( Wolle ), Ostfriesisches Mi lchschaf Milch... 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The Dohne Merino and commenced applying selection pressure to improve wool quality and conformation, Austria, Germany and.... Registered Mutton Merino are well suited for intense production in arid or in areas..., Austria, and Poland lamb records from six lambing seasons Africans first imported the genetics and applying! Sexual season extended from June to January Find sheep for sale at Livestock of America - sheep! Breeds are bred for wool and are similar in meat yield, went! El Dohne Merino is a common meat sheep of Germany, Austria, and its size! For wool and are similar in meat yield, they went through a different historical and development. Coloured fibres -65 kg Bei Schafen sind dies beispielsweise Merinoschaf ( Wolle ) Deutsches! Records from six lambing seasons at home east of the Merinolandschaf quality and conformation lamb records from lambing... Meat sheep in Germany, to produce long cross-bred wool with an initial one off cross between the Merino!

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