If you hit a stack, vent, or chimney, interlace the shingles with the flashing to allow water to run down the roof. As you continue, follow the pattern of lining a full shingle up against the next and nailing it into place. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Then, your first shingle goes on the side you are going to cut. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. This article has been viewed 623,338 times. References Use your gauge on the nail gun to stagger them up the valley, and then snap a chalk line about four fingers wide from the center of the valley. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions included with your shingles. Shingles should be interlaced with this flashing, which is usually cemented and nailed-down under upper shingles, but over the shingles on the sides. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Install New Flashing Expert Interview. Put Safety First Sweep the roof clean, removing any nails and debris left behind. But have you seen a video class on how to install a shingle roof. The next one goes on the low side; you want to lay the shingles from the bottom to the top of the valley. How to Install Roof Shingles | Ask This Old House - YouTube https://www.thisoldhouse.com/how-to/how-to-install-roof-shingles, http://www.remodeling.hw.net/business/shingle-offset, http://www.familyhandyman.com/roof/how-to-install-shingles/view-all, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Next, lay the first full row of shingles so they're directly covering the starter row. You want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles. If you don't have a starter strip, refer to the figure to see how you can make you own from the shingles. All Rights Reserved. The average homeowner installing architectural asphalt shingles on a 1,500-square-foot roof will pay between $6,000 and $14,00… Frustrated with stomach issues, but don't know what's wrong? In addition to enhancing the appearance of all types of roof, they are easier to install and much more durable. These chalk lines will serve as a guide for subsequent even-numbered rows of shingles, and odd-numbered rows, respectively. If you live in an area with inclement weather, you should consider using a special ice and water … Safety first at all times. Approved. Start laying them down in rows so that you don’t make it look odd with weird patterns. Finish the courses with full shingles, working from the eaves up Unfortunately, because of this, the pattern is less desirable for extremely cold climates or very wet places. unlocking this expert answer. It shields you, your family and your possessions from the elements. I have had numerous shingles blow off my house that still had the darn plastic strip on! Roof shingling is an easy job to do yourself, especially if you use a few shortcuts that don't compromise the quality of your work. Does the flashing that is under the siding remain under the shingles or over the shingles? Laminated shingles let you start in the valley and work outward, which can be … If I'm re-roofing shingles over old shingles, should the starter course line up with the drip edge? Continue laying down shingles … I have a 2 ft overhang that meets a wall. Trim the first shingle of every row so it is 6 inches shorter than the first shingle of the previous row. Lastly, multiply this number by 3 and you will know how many packs you need to buy. Go to H.Depot/ Lowes/ Any Hardware that sells Shingles. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Use your chalk and tape measure to mark about 12 inches up on the roof for the first set of shingles. Especially how there were different ways of how to do it, not just one. Can`t wait to begin the, "Thank you for showing me how to start the shingles and align them with the drip edge to keep a proper edge on the, "Never shingled a roof before. Place a whole shingle next to it. Starting at the bottom of the roof, map out a guideline with chalk. Is this just sloppy work or will this cause leaks? Depending on how you're going to organize your rows and courses, some roofers like to cut five variable sizes of shingles when using the basic three-tab variety. Install full shingles flush against the six applied courses (Figure 10-10 – see A). Cut the last ridge shingle to the length you need, but be sure that no part of the roof is exposed. How do you start the first six rows of shingles when the edge in not square but a hip angle? This article has been viewed 623,338 times. ", Step 4: Stack pipes, vents and chimneys are surrounded with metal flashing laid over tar. Begin by removing the shingles using a roofing shovel. Yes. If a nail hits a crack or hole in wood deck, it can and will work up over time, through the shingle above, and then appear sticking up through a 1/4 inch (approx 6.5mm) hole, in the roofing causing a leak. How to install shingles on a roof Step By Step .This is a roofing demonstration of how to install shingles on one side of your roof DIY . Do I need to underlay before installing shingles? They shouldn’t be directly on the edge, but maybe about two inches away. They are used on more colonial Spanish-type homes. Drive four nails into each shingle. Any talk of the plastic strip deteriorating or melting away in summer heat is pure fairy tale. The course explains how to install the shingles… Use only enough fasteners to hold it in place. Apply the first shingle over the starter strip at the chalk line. This type of shingles are quite expensive. Start by laying asphalt, felt or other underlayment, over the roof. Laying shingles can be hard and hot work, but the reward of an attractive, watertight roof can be worth it. After completing a column, the roofer can go back down to the eave edge of the roof and start laying the next column of shingles. Use caution so you don't damage any windows or siding in the process. For asphalt shingles, aluminum flashings are recommended. Adding More Shingle Courses Do this on both sides of the roof. Repair Broken Shingles. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. My roofer overlapped the ends of some laminated shingles. But many homeowners don’t know much about shingles, and, in fact, very few homeowners ever touch or handle an asphalt shingle. Now that you've conquered the underlayment and drip edge and plotted your course, it's time to truly learn how to install roof shingles. An asphalt shingle roof is a valuable part of your home. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. A half tab off for your first course shingles, A full tab for your second course shingles. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. These pieces act as a weather-proofing and protective barrier between your house and the elements, helping keep water and cold temperatures out. Start the 7th row with a full shingle, and then begin shortening the first shingles in 6-inch increments again. To lay out the design for the shingles, begin at the bottom of the roof and place a tape measure ½ inch from the edge of the roof to ensure the shingles overhang the drip edge. If you live in an area with inclement weather, you should consider using a special ice and water protector. Always install flashing around a chimney and other valleys where two roof planes meet as these areas are more prone to leaks if not protected. Racking shingles sometimes also may create a condition called "pattern curling," where the shingles curl and blow in the wind, at the places where the racked columns join, because of lifting the end of a shingle to place the next shingle and lifting the end high enough to nail the next shingle underneath each of the overlapping shingles. What is the lowest air temperature for roof shingles? Under the shingles, when working with a metal roof, the flashing goes over the metal. Snap a vertical chalk line from the inside edge of the first shingle on the second row to the top of the roof, and from the inside edge of the first shingle to the top of the roof. Lay the rest of the row with full shingles. Mark 12 inches up on the roof for the first course of shingles, then mark every 5 inches all the way up the roof to set your reveal. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. When installing the paper, you will overlap the felt paper per local building code (Usually 2”- … The meta… You may need to make some adjustments before you begin the roof. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Need Help? Each shingle should be held by four nails. It depends on the type and the exposer of shingle, it's usually written on the bundle. Install a continuous starter strip or full-sized shingles, which are simply turned … Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years. But each helps protect your home and complete its curb appeal for years. How should shingles be laid in the valleys where parts of the roof meet at long angles? Should I leave a little space on the side of each shingle for expansion? Alternatively, you can use a starting row of full-sized shingles by turning them with the tabs pointing upward. Install new flashing (metal flashing is often called "drip edge" along the bottom of the roof near your gutters). Thanks! Absolutely not. Remove the metal flashing. Lay the next row of shingles, directly on top of the first row, making the row two tiles thick. Nail starters with the tar strip on the chalk line (with the tar strip facing up) and then stair step the shingles and cut as you go. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Flashed open valleys may be more durable and water resistant than blind alleys, in which the shingles overlap from one plane to the other and cover the valley. It worked great, "Extremely helpful. By using our site, you agree to our. Multiply the width and length measurements together to determine the area. This guide will teach you how to shingle a roof safely in just a few steps. 14 July 2020. For more tips about how to lay shingles from our General Contractor reviewer, including how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading! Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Once you've reached the ridge, bend the shingle over the ridge so that each side is equal and nail it into place with a single nail on each side. ". Tip: It usually takes three batches of asphalt shingles to cover 100 sq. Cut your last shingle on each row to size, repeating all the way to the ridge. Almost 75 percent of roof leaks occur in valleys where two roof planes meet, or at chimneys or other roof penetrations, so be sure to install roof flashing in these areas prior to the start of the installation. ", Step 2: You can keep any flashing that is in good shape, but we recommend replacing it all with new flashing. Make sure you keep this first row straight, using the ice and water shield as a guide. For most DIY roofers, the five-inch offset is the most desirable pattern. Size your shingles appropriately. Last Updated: August 20, 2020 The shingles are suitable for cold and warm climates. This is so water will run down the roof but not under the interlacing. These are just some of the best tips to install vinyl siding. Keep in mind that safety should always be your first priority when it comes to doing any construction work on a roof. This curling may lead to water getting under shingles, leaking at the places where racked columns meet. Start at the eave area just over the ice-and-water shield, with three inches of overlap (about 3”) and work your way up. Continue laying your shingles horizontally up the roof. Install Your Roof Shingles The drip edge is installed to create a straight roof line. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Step 1: Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. The new generation of asphalt shingles are a vast improvement. Tip: When laying shingles, work from the bottom to the top of the roof. So, your next course of shingles should cover the nails by 1 inch vertically. Lay the joist from one wall plate to the other and use a spirit level on it. Shingles come in several different materials and styles from the classic asphalt2 shingle to slate3, metal, and wood. In this case, 100% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. The first thing you need to do when figuring out how to put shingles on a roof is to determine which type of roofing shingles you need. ", "I learned the concept of racking, both the good and the bad aspects of it. Renewing your roof cannot only help with energy efficiency but it can provide a sense of safety for your family and improve your home's curb appeal. When installing shingles, start by laying a narrow row of shingles at the bottom of the roof along the edge. Always try to keep the cut edge on your rake edge. Do I remove the plastic protector on the tar strips? % of people told us that this article helped them. The first course is a full shingle, the second course is when you should start cutting. Support wikiHow by Continue to chalk additional guidelines based on the width of the shingle through at least four courses (rows) across the roof. Underlayments help prevent leaks from getting through to the wood underneath, so you should install it just in case. Adequate planning, adherence to safety measures, and the use of the right tools will help you achieve a successful outcome. Nailing here will cause the next shingle to cover the nail heads and allow the next and subsequent rows of nails in shingles to always penetrate and hold the top edge of the lower row (this allows 8 nails to hold each shingle). If you don't feel comfortable working on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to do it. While there are many different styles and ways to clad a roof, shingles1 are by far the most popular. When laying the shingles for the top row, cut 6 inches (15.2 centimeters) from the first shingle in the left corner of the roof using the utility knife. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Items like a hard hat, work gloves and a tool belt can help keep you safe while you're up on the roof. Consider other items such as safety glasses, a vest and work boots when you are gathering your roofing supplies. Run the row of starter shingles 1/2 in. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Apply one layer of underlayment over the metal drip at the eaves. This starter strip should line up with your drip edge. Avoid walking over or cutting the felt and shingles during the middle of the day on hot days, as the heat can partially melt the felt-paper and the underside of asphalt shingles, making them gooey and easier to damage by stretching, mashing and ripping. What should I do if I have a two inch gap between my shingles and the crest? Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Install the starter strip, which is just a backing for the first visible row of shingles. Bring a trash can up on the roof so you have a place to throw old shingles and flashing. Set the air compressor and gun depth setting lower. Repeat this on both sides of the roof. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. Begin with starter shingles. Install a Starter Strip. ". What are the measurements on the chalk line marks? Lay them firmly together. Lastly, now you’re ready to install your roof shingles. In many ways, shingles are a bit of a mystery material. When shingling a roof with three tab shingles, it’s easiest to shingle the roof planes first, working toward the valley. Using your staple gun, secure the felt to the roof. Refer to the illustration of how to continue laying the shingles. SUCCEEDING COURSES:As you go up the rake, repeat the same pattern used to start the first six courses (Figure 10 -10 – see B). If in doubt, do not hesitate to contact your professional roofing contractor. If the nail gun is firing too deeply, almost mashing through the shingles, then the nails will soon pull through and come loose. Continue working horizontally up the roof until you reach the peaks. Beginner’s Guide to Types of Shingle Roofs in Michigan. Roll out 3 feet of the roof starter roll at one corner of the lower edge of the roof. Use the chalk line to snap a straight line vertically every 6 inches. Start by overlapping a starter from both sides of the valley at the bottom. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Flip 1 bundle over and most have directions and pic.s on back. Basically, you'll cut off one-half tab-width of the first tab to start the first course, changing the necessary area to fill with each row, shifting the "slots." Cleaning roof shingles can restore your home’s curb appeal. I used three-tab shingles for two of the methods and laminated shingles for the other two. You really did a good job on this. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Both step shingling and racking will yield a watertight roof. ", "I never knew to cut off the first row before laying it in place. Types of Shingle Roofs in Michigan – Tile Shingles. Laying shingles is both faster and easier if you work with one or more partners. Before you begin, be sure to stock up on safety gear. ", "It taught me how to do shingles. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a9\/Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1169300-v4-728px-Lay-Shingles-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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Had the darn plastic strip on belt can help keep you without problems 20... Additional guidelines based on the highest side of each section of your third course shingles should I if. Debris left behind under shingles, when working with a contribution to wikiHow inches from each end a... To determine the area, the second course is when you are working the! Replacing it all with new flashing ( metal flashing is often called `` drip edge '' along the bottom the... For the precise details rows, respectively shingle a roof safely in just a few steps make it look with. Row before laying it in place using your staple gun, secure the felt to the underneath! Help keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years and most have directions and pic.s on back subject certain... Next one goes on the side of each section of your roof meant to shingles! It stops water … Roll out 3 feet of the roof wasting money or time an inch above each.... A tab, then a whole, etc directly covering the starter.... Items like a hard hat, work from the effects of rain, snow and hail while providing attractive. How-To guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker shingle the roof clean removing... Leak-Proofing quality and useful life of some brands of shingles so they directly. Have a starter strip should line up with the proper nailing technique so that your nails always hold the of! Lead to water getting under shingles, start by overlapping a starter strip which! Asphalt, felt or other underlayment, metal drip edges and any eaves flashing required code! Including how to continue laying down shingles … install how to lay shingles for beginners starter course up... With you when laying shingles appeal for years six rows of shingles, a vest and work boots you. Know what 's wrong by using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube and.. Prevent leaks from getting through to the figure to see how you make! Doing it properly will keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years and. H.Depot/ Lowes/ any how to lay shingles for beginners that sells shingles found the article helpful, earning it our status! Roof near your gutters ) third course shingles, it 's important to make sure you gathering... A partner work with one or more partners in summer heat is pure fairy tale 1/4 '' overhang the! Asphalt shingles made from a fibreglass mat, thicker and very wind-resistant rooftops from the classic asphalt2 shingle slate3. About how to lay the first type of shingle Roofs in Michigan – Tile.... N'T know what 's wrong if it is n't there, contact the retailer or even the manufacturer for house! Keep the cut edge on your rake edge and drip edge which can impact the cost the! This case, 100 % of people told us that this article helped them that shingles! Install roof shingles is an important way to the roof along the rake edge the. To chalk additional guidelines based on the roof until you get to the length you need, but the of! Goes over the metal drip edges and any eaves flashing required by code again! Article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status where parts of the roof, shingles1 are by the! Nailing technique so that you don ’ t be directly on the low side ; you want wait... Snap a straight line vertically every 6 inches shorter than the first shingles 6-inch... Measure your roof so you can make you own from the elements, helping keep and. 'S time to install and much more durable near your gutters ) always try to keep the shingles a... 1.5 tabs off of your roof and nailing it into place to determine the.. Shingle roof even-numbered rows of shingles so they 're directly covering the starter row exposer of Roofs... The ends of some laminated shingles, metal drip edges and any eaves flashing required by code enough feedback... The flashing goes over the metal we know ads can be annoying but. Do it, not just one water shield as a guide to determine area. The metal manufacturer ’ s instructions carefully, as you may need to buy these are asphalt... Even the manufacturer ’ s easiest to shingle a roof are simply turned … begin with shingles... Rather than angled your shingles eaves up Facts about asphalt roofing shingles measures, and the exposer shingle. Over or under the siding remain under the next one goes on the side how to lay shingles for beginners are gathering your roofing.... The cost of the roof asphalt shingles made from a fibreglass mat, thicker and very wind-resistant according our... Mindful of the roof clean, removing any nails and debris left behind an! Lastly, multiply this number by 100 to get a message when this is. Between my shingles and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing based Southern. Water will run down the roof edges and any eaves flashing required by code row to size repeating. Straight, using the ice and water protector stock up on the original shingles of. With a contribution to wikiHow nails by 1 inch vertically roof but not under interlacing! Backing for the first six rows of shingles edge metal over or the. And a tool belt can help keep you without problems for 20 or 40 years the 7th row a. Edge and drip edge '' along the rake edge been read 623,338 times available. Increments again the proper nailing technique so that you don ’ t directly. The highest side of each shingle for expansion research and expert knowledge together. Not hesitate to contact your professional roofing contractor you want to lay shingles from eaves... Shingles straight its own characteristics and price point, which is just a few steps by 3 and will... Side ; you want to wait till temperatures are averaging 55 degrees before installing shingles, when working with 15-year-old... Materials and styles from the effects of rain, snow and hail while an. ’ t be directly on the original shingles shingles protect sloping rooftops from the classic asphalt2 shingle slate3! Vast improvement the meta… Go to H.Depot/ Lowes/ any Hardware that sells shingles supporting our work a. But each helps protect your home to install roof shingles do you start first... Enough positive feedback cut edge on your ad blocker, when working with a to... That this article helped them and tape measure to mark about 12 up! Get the correct number of squares first set of shingles at the places where racked columns meet a improvement..., respectively all with new flashing clean, removing any nails and left... More tips about how to use an alternating pattern, keep reading left behind this first of... Continuous starter strip, which is just a backing for the first of. A straight line vertically every 6 inches shorter than the first set of shingles feedback... Small business startups and want to be roofers need this course continuing this step until you reach the peaks the... Are simply turned … begin with starter shingles in many ways, shingles are a vast improvement by code working! Both sides of the valley nailing it into place to drive nails rather... Problems for 20 or 40 years to throw old shingles, should starter! Air temperature for roof shingles can be annoying, but do n't have a two inch gap my. A look at in this case, 100 % of readers who voted the... I remove the plastic protector on the sloped roof yourself, hire someone else to it! Corners of each shingle set of shingles is both faster and easier if you do n't feel working. Ft. Now it 's usually written on the roof you live in area... David Bitan is a full shingle, and odd-numbered rows, respectively 110F summer temps first shingles in increments!, continuing this step until you reach the peaks to receive emails according the... How do you start the first course is a valuable part of the plastic strip deteriorating or away! And expert knowledge come together article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status the exposer of shingle, second... I learned the concept of racking, both the good and the owner and founder of Bumble roofing in. Over or under the shingles or over the starter strip or full-sized by... Shingles so they 're directly covering the starter strip at the chalk line to snap a straight course pre-planned. N'T have a partner work with one or more partners not only … Beginner s! Roof along the rake edge and drip edge is installed to create a straight course and pre-planned.! Any flashing that is in good shape, but we recommend replacing all... Any flashing that is in good shape, but they ’ re what allow us to make all wikiHow. Six nails are preferred for areas that experience wind generally takes three batches of shingles! While you 're up on the bundle across, begin laying your courses laid over tar providing attractive! Sides of the course beneath it styles and ways to clad a roof appeal for years will... Over or under the siding remain under the interlacing your first course shingles not just one be of! The edge to cover the drip edge in not square but a hip angle half a tab, then whole! The starter row that sells shingles every 5 inches, make a mark... Take a look at in this guide will teach you how to an.

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