Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC.It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. The Aegean World: Minoans, Mycenaeans and Trojans: c. 1750–1100 BC In the beginning, there was Troy and the Trojan War, made famous in European history by the two epic poems ascribed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.According to these poems, the Trojan War began when Helen, wife of Menelaus, king of Sparta, was abducted by Paris, a prince of Troy. The Mycenaeans. The Mycenaeans were a dominating culture and soon expanded from the mainland of Greece into the Greek isles, overcoming the Minoans of Crete by 1400 b.c.e. Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations: The Minoan civilization was based on the island of Crete and flourished between 2000 to 1450 BCE. A society that once ruled the Late Bronze Age of Greece, they promptly vanished from history and slowly faded into legend. What is geographic difference between the Mycenaeans and Minoans? The Minoans were known for their free-flowing artistic decoration and showed a preference for marine and plant life. They created a powerful civilization based on a strong navy… The Minoans were Caucasian: DNA Debunks Longstanding Theory that Europe’s First Advanced Culture was from Africa. they were people who were indigenous and , of course, after the “modern greeks ” came they just mixed with them. The Minoans and Mycenaeans were the first advanced, literate civilizations to appear in Europe. Start studying The Minoans and Mycenaeans ----Mr. Pease. Many similarities and differences exist between palace complexes in the Minoan and Mycenaean state; however, this brief essay will argue that differences, as seen in art and architecture, signal that the Mycenaeans – while they did borrow from the Minoans – were a distinctively different culture. The Mycenaeans were more inland and had more farming where as the Minoans lived near the ocean and were traders. A person that lives and works on another persons land. ... 1 decade ago. However, unlike other semi-barbaric cultures, the Mycenaean's approach to conquering the Minoans was different. a. neither was ruled by a central authority. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were not a unified, singular Greek society. Archaeological excavations confirmed that Minoans buried all members of their settlements in these tombs. The Minoans were named after the legendary King Minos. While the Minoans focused on building relationships with other cultures in the Mediterranean and Asia Minor, the Mycenaeans fought and battled their way across the area to overtake and build their own cities and outposts. The best example for the contrast of artistic styles of the Minoans and Mycenaeans is displayed through the two gold cups found at the Mycenaean Vaphio tomb. existed even before the birth of Christ . The Mycenaean civilization (c. 1700-1100 BCE) flourished in the Late Bronze Age, reaching its peak from the 15th to the 13th century BCE when it extended its influence not only throughout the Peloponnese in Greece but also across the Aegean, in particular, on Crete and the Cycladic islands. This LH II tholos tomb presented two gold cups; known as the Vaphio cups. The Minoans built a large civilization that flourished from 2600 BC to 1400 BC. When Mycenaeans (to be more correct: Achaeans or Danaeans) arrived in Greece circa 2,000 BCE, the Minoan were already a thriving civilization. The Minoans did not speak Greek but had extensive contact with Egypt and the Near East, particularly the Phoenicians who were also maritime people, and they passed this culture to the Mycenaeans. The Minoans' grain supply is believed to have come from farms on the shore of the Black Sea. The Minoan and Mycenaean cultures are both early Greek cultures that . The Bronze Age of ancient Greece, which lasted from about 3000 to 1200 BCE, is the historical backdrop for much of Greek mythology as well as the Homeric epics The Iliad and The Odyssey. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were two different cultures that existed in Bronze Age Greece. They were the Mycenaeans. 1. It has a climate and culture different from that of other Bronze Age Mediterranean communities that arose both before and after. The Minoans and Mycenaeans used the same script, the so-called Linear-A script developed by the Minoans. d. both built cities fortified with strong defenses Although they were different in many respects, which characteristic did the minoans and mycenaeans share? The Minoans, also known as Cretans, grew wheat, barley, grapes, and olives. Mycenaean was an ancestral Greek language, while no one as yet knows just what Minoans spoke. The Comparison and Contrast between Minoan and Mycenaean Cultures . The minoans gained a great advandage from their proximity to near east and especialy egypt and they were greatly influenced especialy by egypt but that doesn t give a reason to wonder about who they were. They were autonomous groups of people following a same societal line. The Mycenaeans and the Minoans both reigned and traded in and around the Aegean Sea. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They were constantly on the defensive, but they also went abroad trading or raiding. The Mycenaeans only adapted it to the needs of the Mycenaean language. The Mycenaean civilization transpired during the late Bronze Age or the late Helladic period around 1600 B.C. While the Minoans didn't rely at all on defenses because of their naval power, the Mycenaeans fortified their cities, and spent large amounts of money constructing fortifications. The communal status of Minoan tholoi explains the simplicity in the architectural style and the lack of decorations. And the Mycenaeans themselves were closely related to the earlier Minoans, the study reveals, another great civilization that flourished on the island of Crete from 2600 B.C.E. b. neither had large cities or grand palaces. How did the Minoans influence the Mycenaeans? Following this point about sailing, thy both spent some time sailing in the water, with sailing being there strongest a most popular sport at the time. 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