miles and encroaching parts of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Angola, and Zimbabwe. The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, is a highland region in central Sahara, or southern Algeria near the Tropic of Cancer. The Equator runs almost through the middle of Africa. [ January 6, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 6th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs [ January 5, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 5th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs [ January 4, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 4th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs It is surrounded on all sides by the oceans and seas. Maps form a very crucial part of UPSC preparation. It is quite obvious that as a large continent Africa experiences a highly variable climate. Nile River - Nile River - Physiography: It is thought that approximately 30 million years ago the early Nile, then a much shorter stream, had its sources at about 18° to 20° N latitude. Musgrave Range; The mountain ranges of northern region. Some of the well known mountain ranges are: Stretching over an area of 240 sq. Africa is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. Fig 2: Important rivers Lake Tanganyika is between Congo, Zambia, Burandi and Tanzania and Lake Malawi is … Petroleum at mouth, navigable, irrigation, Cairo, Giza, Khartoum cities are on River Nile. An example of Block mountain. Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. Situated in the West of South Australia. It is an extinct volcanic mountain situated in the northeast part of lake Victoria on the Uganda – Kenya border. The highest peak is Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft). These forests contain several layers of vegetation. Streams start from the surrounding hills and flow into this lake instead of the sea. It is a man-made lake located between Egypt and Sudan. Within a rift zone, such as the Great Rift alley, there is constant movement of the earth’s tectonic plates. For Previous Daily Quiz (ARCHIVES) – CLICK HERE The Current Affairs questions are based on sources like ‘The Hindu’, ‘Indian Express’ and ‘PIB’, which are very important sources for UPSC Prelims Exam.The questions are focused on both the concepts and facts. Papyrus, tall grasses and lotus are the most common plants. There is virtually no rainfall here, and there are no oases. Nile Sources: Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa Outflow: Mediterranean Sea Approx. This flows from the Drakensberg Mountains into the Atlantic Ocean. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria by population. Largest and longest lake in India. Lake Edward: Located between Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. It is the source of the Blue Nile. These mountains are the highest in Southern Africa rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. Mount Stanley at Margherita Peak (5,119 m is the highest pick of this mountain system. The most important ones are the Nile, the Congo, the Niger, and the Zambezi. The African Great Lakes (Swahili: Maziwa Makuu) are a series of lakes constituting the part of the Rift Valley lakes in and around the East African Rift.They include Lake Victoria, the second-largest fresh water lake in the world by area, Lake Tanganyika, the world's second-largest freshwater lake by volume and depth, and Lake Malawi, the world's eighth-largest fresh water lake by area. To the south lay the vast enclosed drainage system containing the large Lake Sudd. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. In this Article of World Geography, I want to walk you through the Africa continent – World Geography For UPSC. From Lake Albert, it flows as the White Nile. The top layer consists of the crowns of trees rising 125 to 250 feet (38 to 76 m) in height; the lower layers are arranged according to their height like shorter trees, shrubs, and vines respectively. Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa (Malawi) are the larger ones. ... 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start … The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), Nelion (5, 188m – 17,022 ft) and Lenana (4,958 – 16,355 ft). Antarctica – Lake Vostok (subglacial) Asia – Lake Baikal (if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) The Nile flows from 3,000 kilometers through the dry Sahara Desert of Egypt and enters the Mediterranean Sea. 6. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Lake Manasarovar is a fresh-water lake in Tibet . It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). The extensive area stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Burundi, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Which of the above statements is/are correct? Situated on the St. Vincent Gulf. Lake Victoria is at the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. East Africa. It rises from the Fout Djllon Mountain quite close to the sea but flows north and then turns south again to form a wide arc. In fact, to this date, there is still fault actio… The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted to agricultural land. The formation of rift lakes is tied to geological action. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. It is bounded by the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. for life in … Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. To the north-west, in the Atlantic Ocean are the, West of Africa in the South Atlantic Ocean is the island of, All of them –British overseas territories, St. Helena Islands – the exile of Napoleon, Tristan De Cunha Island – the most remote island of the world. In its report, the Switzerland-based organisation pointed out that freshwater species are important sources of food, medicine and construction material for the millions of people living in the area surrounding the lake. It covers an area of approx. The large area of Africa is covered by tropical rain forests or selvas type of vegetation covering less than a tenth of the continent with heavy rain throughout the year. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world. It covers an area of 1,54,000 sq. The coastal city Miami is located in which among the following countries? The Montane vegetation of highlands, particularly in Ethiopia and the mountains of the Great Rift Valley are such examples. Sahel region is an ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and Sudanian Savanna to the south. depth : 80 m. It is part of Alexandria’s Chain of Lakes with a channel on the north end to Lake Geneva and another at the southeast corner to Lake Jessie. Vegetation at oases includes date palms, fig-trees, willows, poplars, and tamarisks. Lake Victoria, also the second largest freshwater lake on Earth It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Provide the origin, destination, and weight of your shipment to compare service details then sort your results by time or cost to find the most cost-effective shipping service. It is extremely densely populated. These plates may push or pull towards each other depending on the type of force in play. The Zaire basin is one of the wettest regions of the Earth and is covered with dense impenetrable jungle. If you keep walking on the Mediterranean coast, starting from the coast of Egypt towards middle-east, you are likely to touch the coast of which of these countries en route? The highest peak is 3,415 m. from mean sea level. Q1. This is what I did and it really helped me to score well in prelims (and in daydreaming and planning my dream itinerary of touring around the Globe- if I am ever able to save enough money and get Ex-India leave). It is the large landmass situated exactly in the middle of the continent covering Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe. 5. They even include many evergreens found in tropical rain forests, such as oil palms, rubber trees, and African ebony trees. Keeping in view the prevailing weather conditions such as temperature, rainfall, humidity etc the climatic zones of Africa are: There are extensive areas in Africa where few people live and where natural vegetation and wild animals have not been disrupted by such activities as farming or the raising of livestock. Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 km (95 miles) north-northeast of Nairobi. The major physical divisions of African continent are: The vast African continents are famous for its saucer-shaped and steep edged plateaus that are facing towards the coast and extending from Guinea coast to Somali Land and north Sahara to the Cape Province. Islands between Africa and Latin America –. Find out the 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Africa with an explanation for self-assessment which will be helpful for the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. Steppes bordering on deserts no trees are spotted, rather widely scattered bunches of grasses grow. Australia – Lake Eyre(salt lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Lake Victoria species under threat: report, National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of India, Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater: Study, Recognition of Products under Geographical Indications, Copyright@IAS Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. Egypt is called the gift of the Nile because without the river it would have been a desert. It stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. These are divided into three groups: The South African plateau as far as about 12°S, bounded east, west and south by bands of high ground which fall steeply to the coasts. Depending on elevation, latitude, and direction of the winds vegetation grows. Lake Tanganyika. The topic Major Rivers of the World is important, and UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims. Prominent mountain ranges with some of the very high raised mountain peaks are the specialty of African Continents. Away from the Equator to the north and south, rainfall decreases and there is a zone where there is a definite dry season unlike the equatorial region where it rains always. Antarctica – Lake Vostok(sub-glacial) Asia – Lake Baikal(if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) Its area is … Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya, and the second-highest in Africa (after Mount Kilimanjaro). India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. Police had earlier dismissed reports of the arrests, and said they had CCTV footage of Wine’s supporters deflating tyres of police motor vehicles, inciting violence and obstructing officers on duty. Geographic definitions of the Sahel region vary. 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