According to the Bible, the golden calf (עֵגֶּל הַזָהָב ‘ēggel hazāhāv) was an idol (a cult image) made by the Israelites when Moses went up to Mount Sinai. The Sin of the Golden Calf. There are 3 different punishments stated for the sin of the Golden Calf, two of which are ambiguous in nature. Aaron was saved only through the mercy and compassion of God and Moses reasoning and attempt tp make atonement.And the LORD smote the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made. The narrative of the Golden Calf, found in Ki Tisa, raises a wealth of questions about the nature of the sin, the motivations and emotions that precipitated it, and its far-reaching repercussions. Yehudah HaLevi, the author of the Kuzari, written in the 12th century, discusses the sin of the Golden Calf at length. Do Not Covet: Is It a Feeling or an Action? from the University of Chicago. The story of the golden calf is told twice in the Torah: Exodus 32, told through the voice of the omniscient narrator, is the version that is read in synagogue in the aforementioned days; it is repeated in Deuteronomy 9—10 in the voice of Moses, who reminds the Israelites at the Plains of Moab of their earlier sin. The sin was the sin of idolatry, violation of the first commandment. Once we turn and repent TODAY, To-morrow is the new beginning we hope for–Restoration to God and to each other.Where the priest, sinned, the prophetic utterance offered a way out of the mess Israel had just gotten themselves into. He first commands the people to bring their jewelry. Except that the Israelites hadn’t received this commandment. 1. He destroys the golden calf, grinds it to a powder and dissolves it in water, which he forces the people to drink. As for this fellow Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him!”. ‘The bad people who worshiped the golden calf must die,’ Moses says. Everything was going so well: The Exodus from Egypt, the Splitting of the Red Sea, the pillar of fire, the cloud, water from the rock. Exodus 32 relates that the Israelites, anxious about Moses' prolonged absence, demanded that *Aaron provide a god to lead them. In Egypt, a bull, Apis, was sacred to the god Ptah and emblematic of him. 6). Please support us. Oops! Regarding the sin of the golden calf, the psalmist laments, "They forgot God who saved them, who performed great deeds in Egypt" (v.21), while regarding the sin of the spies, he asserts, "They rejected the desirable land" (v.24). The calf first appears in the time of Moses (Ex 32), but golden calves were also worshipped in Northern Israel during the monarchy. Building off of the previous entry where we learned that the Golden Calf episode is really a polemic against Jeroboam’s bull altars at Dan and Bethel , and both writers refer to it as “the great sin,” it is only reasonable to see the day of reckoning for this sin as the historical destruction of Israel by the Assyrians in 722 BC. And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt." 1. YHWH’s fury at the golden calf—even to the point of wanting to destroy the Israelites altogether—is thus even more understandable than if the sin had been merely the violation of the Decalogue. The golden calf was to act as their conduit and representative, through which they could achieve closeness to God. He wanted to restore peace (shalom) to the people. The reason it happened was because he hadn’t come back and the Israelites were getting worried. The Sin of the Golden Calf. Golden calf, idol worshipped by the Hebrews during the period of the Exodus from Egypt in the 13th century bc and during the age of Jeroboam I, king of Israel, in the 10th century bc. In the light of this, I don’t feel like I have any right to condemn him either. Therefore, perhaps his deeds are mitigated somehow. The Sin of the Golden Calf. Prof. Joel Baden is Professor of Hebrew Bible at Yale University. - … In his defense of the people, Moses calls upon God to remember His pledge to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Psalm 106:19, 20 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.… They changed their glory for the likeness of an ox that eateth grass (Revised Version). Why do you think he is permitted to serve as High Priest after this? Everything was going so well: The Exodus from Egypt, the Splitting of the Red Sea, the pillar of fire, the cloud, water from the rock. [4] Although it is true that the calves are presented as their own sin (see e.g., 2 Kings 17:16), it would seem that the biblical authors, having decided that the only proper worship of YHWH was that which took place in Jerusalem, polemicized against non-centralized worship by describing it as idolatrous, at least rhetorically. In Canaanite literature, the chief god El is sometimes called a b… Upon returning, Moses is very angered by the false idol they have created and destroys both the tablets given to him and their Golden Calf. Launched Shavuot 5773 / 2013 | Copyright © Project TABS, All Rights Reserved. window.location.replace(""); The Sin of the Golden Calf. According to the Mishna, Aaron was a peace-maker. https://www.patreon.com/GodsBeforeHimWho was the golden calf of the book of Exodus? By Ahuva Balofsky (Moderator), This section begins with God giving Moses the two tablets of stone upon which He has written with His own hand. The comments below do not necessarily reflect the beliefs and opinions of The Israel Bible™. The shape it assumed would be lumpy and could be interpreted as one would look at any rock or cloud and imagine a resemblance to a thing or creature. And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. The Ten Commandments happen in Exodus 20. Mentioned in Exodus 32 and I Kings 12 in the Old Testament, worship of the golden calf is seen as a supreme act of apostasy, the rejection of a faith once confessed. You mention such an interesting point. THE PEOPLE'S SIN. And so the men strike dead 3,000 people! 2. Moses was still on the mountain with God when the golden calf happened. The Son of Man Four, The Golden Calf | C W Johnson | ISBN: 9781494317485 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. God concedes to Moses’s argument and allows him to take the stone tablets to the people. For example, when the people come to Aaron and ask for another representative, since they don’t know what happened to Moses the man, the sages interpret Aaron’s actions as a stalling tactic. In Hebrew, the incident is known as ḥēṭ’ ha‘ēggel (חֵטְא הַעֵגֶּל) or the Sin of the Calf. The two fundamental sins noted in the Torah are the sin of the Golden Calf on the 17th of Tammuz, and the sin of the Spies on Tisha B’Av. Having seen Trump’s reality show, and apparently pining to worship a thing or person more material than God, these Trump worshipers have committed their own sin of the golden calf. Praise HIM Who keeps me in HIS Way!! Also, the people were not substituting the golden calf for the worship of the one true God, but using artificial means of man’s design and making to worship Him. Kenneth Emerson Sauer, Pastor of Parkview United Methodist Church, Newport News, VA. www.parkview-umc.org. According to the Sages, the sin offering that Aaron was required to bring during the dedication ceremony of the Tabernacle (Leviticus 9:2) was meant to atone for his part in the sin of the Golden Calf. Aaron asks the people to gather gold jewellery from their wives and children. Good intentions clearly do not have the power to transform the quality of an action. As well, as Diana mentioned, when he sees the calf, and the reaction of the people, he declares the next day as a holiday for God. In chapter 32 of the Book of Exodus, there’s the famous story of the golden calf. Having seen Trump’s reality show, and apparently pining to worship a thing or person more material than God, these Trump worshipers have committed their own sin … The story of the golden calf is a story of sin and forgiveness, of rebellion and mercy, of disobedience and reconciliation. There are no excuses for this sin, although attempts are made: a. Moses’ personal intercession on behalf of his people saved them. Medically, it is well known that people who have sexual encounters with dozens of male and female strangers over short time periods will have compromised immune systems. He knew that which they were asking was wrong and tried to delay the whole process by asking the gold from the women. So many miracles! Many (perhaps all) participated in the sin, but God limited the penalty to those who possibly instigated it. In addition to the Shabbat in the respective parashiot Ki Tisa and Ekev, sections of it are read on the four “minor” fast days both in … SueJean, you’re right that it is hard to condemn Aaron when God himself doesn’t and he is allowed to continue in his role as High Priest. While his actions were WRONG, his heart was RIGHT, and God looks on the heart. 2 So Aaron said to them, “Break off the gold earrings that are on the ears of your … Each year, as I consider this matter of the golden calf and Aaron’s explanation to Moshe as to how it happened, I find it curious that Aaron is never directly condemned by Elohim for his part in this. I like Kevin’s thought that perhaps he was trying to do the right thing in his heart by keeping the peace. I think that he was trying to work out the situation in the best way that he could with the resources he had at hand. The sin of the Golden Calf divides Parashat Ki Tisa into two parts – before the sin and after it.. At first glance, the sin ruined all of God’s plans. He then takes the golden calf and melts it down. In fact, the Talmud states that at that point in time, the Jewish people were entirely righteous, insusceptible to sin. In one act, they have undermined the whole of YHWH’s covenantal arrangement with them. He holds a Ph.D. from Harvard and an M.A. So the king took counsel and made two golden calfs. Except that the Israelites hadn’t received this commandment. GOLDEN CALF (Heb. It is, however, impossible to deny his involvement. See more ideas about golden calf, bible class, bible lessons. He confronts his brother for leading the people astray, and calls upon all those who are for God to join him; the Levites join Moses and enact God’s justice among the people. Aaron was complicit in breaking a commandment of God.Though he made the calf and the altar and declared a feast, he was not the actual instigator and was one of the many who received mercy. God accepts. It is first mentioned in Exodus 32:4. The Sin of the Calf:‎ The Rise of the Bible’s Negative Attitude toward the Golden Calf A gold cultic statue of a young bull, whose worship the biblical authors condemned. Perhaps it was Humans are not created to be godless. 10:5; 11:2). The Sin of the Golden Calf and Covenant Renewal. Now fully appreciating the gravity of their actions, Moses returns to the mountain to again ask God’s forgiveness on behalf of the people. “The Golden Calves of Sinai and Northern Israel in Context,”. But when Moshe arrived it was too late for Aaron’s involvement, though his heart had not been involved….., The 15th century scholar Isaac Abrabanel suggests that Aaron was prevented from entering the Land of Israel as a punishment for his involvement in this sin. The Talmud Yerushalmi (Ta’anit4:5) states: Similarly, the Talmud Bavli (Sanhedrin102a) States: These statements point to the centrality of this story in Jewish cultural memory. The narrative of the Golden Calf, found in Ki Tisa, raises a wealth of questions about the nature of the sin, the motivations and emotions that precipitated it, and its far-reaching repercussions. // Javascript URL redirection 32 When the people saw that Moses delayed in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said to him, “Get up, make us gods that will go before us. Moses’ ascent of Mount Sinai (and the ensuing sin of the golden calf), is preceded in Exodus by instructions for the construction of the Tabernacle’s ritual laver (Ex.30:17-21). script>, Speculating about the Original Text of the Decalogue. Golden calf, idol worshipped by the Hebrews during the period of the Exodus from Egypt in the 13th century bc and during the age of Jeroboam I, king of Israel, in the 10th century bc. Summarized by David Silverberg God accuses Benei Yisrael of "testing" Him ten times throughout their sojourn in the desert (Bemidbar 14:22). Rabbi Knopf offers a fresh take on a story you thought you knew in his Shabbat message for Parashat KI Tisa. The golden calf worshippers were engaging in nonstop sexual orgies that would make even the most godless peoples and nations around them blush in horror at what they were hearing. Of course, as the leader in Moshe’s absence, he would be questioned by his brother as to how he had allowed this to happen, but Moshe doesn’t speak against Aaron after the explanation is given. Moses had disappeared into the cloud-enveloped heights of Mount Sinai. I. Sometimes, we just have to do the best we can in difficult situations. At this time, he contributed regularly to local scholarly journals authoring dozens of original expositions and ruminations in Hebrew. When man assumes there is a sensory connection between God and the physical, man forfeits his purpose. How could they not? He mentions that the sin was not replacing God, but since they saw Moshe go up the mountain with no food or water, and was there for forty days, they were worried that he died, and they were looking for a medium for them to connect to God. Moses tells the Israelites they have "sinned a great sin" and seeks atonement from God. Moses was still on the mountain with God when the golden calf happened. The sin of the golden calf and the laws pertaining to the errant woman share the common themes of adultery and the imbibing of a potentially deadly elixir. Because Aharon had put his hope in the Lord to be the God of His Salvation, God did allow for reconciliation. The text twice repeats that the laver served the purpose of preventing death. The sin of the Golden Calf divides Parashat Ki Tisa into two parts – before the sin and after it. Not even knowing exactly what the Israelites have done wrong to earn God’s wrath, Moses defends the people, telling God that if He were to do such a thing, the Egyptians would think He was unable to bring the people to safety. His knowledge is completely inaccurate. Then in the desert, as Moses was on Mount Sinai retrieving the 10 Commandments, the Israelites did what we often see in the Old Testament. While God certainly showed mercy here in this situation, it should also be remembered that this legacy of not fulfilling God’s commands was passed down to Nadab and Abihu upon whom judgment fell thus acting as a punishment to Aaron as well, The Israel Bible is the world’s first Tanakh (Bible) centered around the Land of Israel, the People of Israel, and the dynamic relationship between them. [1] Editor’s note: for a different approach to this problem, see Deena Grant, “What Was the Golden Calf?” TheTorah.com (2013). The most explicit is that Moses and the Levites kill about 3,000 men: “kill each man his brother, each man his neighbor, and each man his relative.” The text goes a far way to explicitly present the Levites in the favorable role of expiating the sin. Commentary In the text, immediately following the sin of the golden calf we have the revelation of the 13 attributes of mercy. By Rav Amnon Bazak . At first glance, the sin ruined all of God’s plans. However, the sin of the golden calf is one such motif for its role in Israel’s apostasy at Sinai (Exod 32), the “sin of Jeroboam” in making golden calves at Dan and Bethel (1 Kgs 12), and Hosea’s condemnation of the “calf of Samaria” (Hos 8:6; cf. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The golden calf happens in Exodus 32. The Ideological Basis of the Sin of the Golden Calf. The Law of the Goring Ox: Is It Neutered? At some unspecified time before that, the congregation became restless. The Sin of the Golden Calf and the Sin of the Spies. While the Egyptians were on their heels, God split the Red Sea, and the Israelites passed through safely. The sin of the Golden Calf was man’s futile attempt to grasp what man cannot grasp. He was assuming that the woman would be less likely to part with their gold, and that would give enough time for Moses to descend the mountain. Class 12: Explaining the Inexplicable: The Sin of The Golden Calf, Part 1 – How could they do it? "A Miserable Bride" The Gemara (Gittin 36b) records the words of Ula: "It is a miserable bride who prostitutes herself under the very wedding canopy," commenting on the verse – "While the King was still at His banquet, my nard gave forth its fragrance" (Shir Ha-Shirim 1:12). The steps in the sin are noted in the narrative. May 31, 2018 - Explore Alice Faye's board "Golden calf" on Pinterest. The craftsmen that came out of Egypt were used to working with Gold and therefore copper was added to give the calf strength. In R. Binyamin Lau’s 2016 internet essay on Parashat Ki Tissa, he references the classic Midrash analogizing the sin of the Golden Calf, cited by RaShI: Shemot 34:1 “And the LORD Said unto Moshe: Hew thee… If we don’t know the true God, we will make our own deities. Therefore the men who worshiped the calf was very very few. And so the people stand back while Moses approaches the mountain to receive the laws—the laws of the Covenant Code. God certainly held the people accountable for their corruption (Exodus 32:7–10) and was ready to destroy them for their sin. Although this verse makes no distinctions between any of these episodes, two out of these ten incidents were particularly severe. The Golden Calf book. Note - 1. When Moses goes to Mount Sinai to receive the Ten Commandments, the Israelites create a Golden Calf to worship from their impatience of his absence. 32). Involved, as always is true with departure from the true God, were other sins: B. They had made for them "a molten calf" (ver. https://www.patreon.com/GodsBeforeHimWho was the golden calf of the book of Exodus? The sages discuss Aaron’s role in the sin at great length. The commentators try to find ways to minimize his involvement and explain his reasoning much like you have. St. Stephen speaking about Moses and Israel's sin: This is the man that our ancestors refused to listen to; they pushed him aside, went back to Egypt in their thoughts, and said to Aaron "Make us a god to go at our head; for that Moses, the man who brought us here from Egypt, we do not know what has become of him." Learn more about our classes here. Even though there are reasonable explanations for why Aaron and the people began to worship the golden calf, those explanations do not excuse the sin. It always makes me wonder what hope I have of maintaining my faith when I have only HIS Word to cling to in this day. Most telling is the fact that Aaron continues on to become the High Priest as if nothing had happened at all. So Moses tells some of the men to take their swords. Born in 1971 in Norfolk, Virginia, Rabbi Kaplan attended Ivy League Yeshiva Schools in New York City during his adolescence. Many commentators also struggle, as you do, with the fact that people fell into sin … The stark contrast between what was transpiring atop Sinai, and the people’s transgression at the foot of the mountain. We have, perhaps, gotten used to the idea that women are absent from many of the pivotal stories of the Torah. The centrality of the unusual root script type="text/javascript"> Golden Calf Idolatry vs. Carved Cherubim on Ark of the Covenant While the Calf was condemned as gross idolatry, the Ark was a permitted non-idolatrous religious image, sanctioned by … Aaron’s actions seem indefensible, yet he continues to serve as High Priest even after the incident of the golden calf (indeed, he doesn’t even start to serve until after). The deeper question that I struggle with each year is how the people fell into sin standing next to a mountain covered with smoke and fire while a pillar of fire stood in the midst of the camp. It has been the subject of countless sermons and interpretation. "Into the similitude of a calf that eateth hay" (Prayer book Version). Among his many books are, The Composition of the Pentateuch: Renewing the Documentary Hypothesis, The Promise to the Patriarchs, and Reconceiving Infertility: Biblical Perspectives on Procreation and Childlessness. It is apparent that despite all the good intentions, the sin of the Golden Calf is still characterized as the sin of idolatry, the greatest sin in the Torah, a violation of the second of the Ten Commandments. They notice that Moses is late in returning, and they turn to his brother Aaron, asking him to build a new messenger to replace the missing Moses. From this explanation, we see that the golden calf was not born of a … Something went wrong while submitting the form. The story of the golden calf, the greatest scandal of the wilderness period, is recalled in Deuteronomy 9:9‑21 (Parashat Eikev), based on the fuller account in Exodus 32 (Parashat Ki Tissa). Where Moshe was the more Theocratic Leader reacting on the words and will of G-d was Aaron a more democratic leader, reacting on the words and will of the people, he served. Share on. Therefore the golden calf was a sin because it violated the commandment given in Exodus 20. After an extended break, the narrative returns to the people, awaiting Moses at the base of the mountain. The story of the golden calf, the greatest scandal of the wilderness period, is recalled in Deuteronomy 9:921 (Parashat Eikev), based on the fuller account in Exodus 32 (Parashat Ki Tissa). Upon returning, Moses is very angered by the false idol they have created and destroys both the tablets given to him and their Golden Calf. Once they made it to the other end unharmed, God drowned the Egyptians in the Red Sea. (#8) "THE SIN OF THE GOLDEN CALF" I. Israel's Terrible Sin A. This incident is full of lessons. This centrality is further evident from the amount of times a part of this story appears as one of the official Torah readings for holidays, making it the most frequent story read in synagogue in the course of the year. Moses called for those who were on the Lord’s side to come stand with him ( Exodus 32:26 ). Perhaps trying to steer them away from worshiping the calf, and directing them in the proper service of God. In Exodus 32an odd event took place after the Israelites escaped Egypt. They got impatient. Images of bulls and calves were common in Near Eastern religions. Original Question: When Aaron yielded to the demands of the Israelites to build the golden calf (Exodus 32), God punished the people but was Aaron punished for his compromising sin?. (1) They approached Aaron with a demand to make them "a god." The sin itself. Rashi explains that the sin of the Golden Calf originated in a misunderstanding. What was the sin of the golden calf? This was a terrible and serious departure from God. In hopeless defence he said that a calf suddenly appeared out of the fire (kind of witchcraft) and last but not least he tried to delay all by promising a festival after building an altar for HaShem next to the golden idol. He uses the gold to form a golden calf, and the Children of Israel proclaim, “This is thy god, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.”. This is the recitation of the verses, “HaShem, HaShem, (1) G-d [who is], (2) merciful and (3) gracious, (4&5) slow to anger, and (6) abounding in kindness and (7) truth. The miracles reached a climax with the voices and the lightning at Mt. There is no apotropaic power contained within the laver. TheTorah.com is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.We rely on the support of readers like you. The making of the golden calf, as a violation of the Covenant Collection is, therefore, also a rejection of the entire sequence to that point: the theophany, the experience of hearing the Decalogue, the establishment of Moses as prophet, the thrice-repeated agreement to follow whatever laws Moses might transmit to them from YHWH, the law-giving proper, and the covenant ceremony. In the end, if the people are forgiven and if Israel survived as a nation, it was because the God who redeemed them from their oppression was “a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness” (Exodus 34:60. The Sin of the Golden Calf. When Moses arrives in the camp and sees what God saw, he is incensed. The Levites stood with him and were commanded to go … Why do you think Aaron did what he did? עֵגֶל מַסֵּכָה, Ex. The biggest problem with their sin, according to HaLevi, is that they decided through their own design how to best serve God, when serving God is about obedience, and serving Him through methods He has commanded. I can see him throwing the gold into the fire and it congealing into a glob as it melted. Thus, through these two sins, Benei Yisrael negated the central purposes of their redemption from Egypt. Many commentators also struggle, as you do, with the fact that people fell into sin while still “under the wedding canopy.” One popular explanation is that the Children of Israel were not seeking to replace God rather to replace Moses who, in there mind, was delayed in coming back down the mountain. They have violated the first words of YHWH’s law, given through the prophet: to not make any silver or gold representations of YHWH. When Moses goes to Mount Sinai to receive the Ten Commandments, the Israelites create a Golden Calf to worship from their impatience of his absence. Then would he melt the gold and produce a calf from it. Then he grinds it into powder. 26 The sin of the golden calf was a “decree of … 32 When the people saw that Moses delayed in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said to him, “Get up, make us gods that will go before us. Doing so would be akin to the sin of the golden calf, a belief in an object or an idea, which simply put, cannot provide something better than the current situation. The sin of the Golden Calf was one of the spiritual nadirs of the early history of the Children of Israel, and it was seized upon by Christianity in its attempt to both demonstrate the stiff-necked nature of the Jewish people and rationalize that fulfillment of the Torah's commandments was required only for those who had sinned with the Calf. The Sin of the Golden Calf. Images of bulls and calves were common in Near Eastern religions. Forty days and nights would elapse before his return. Once he realized the sin committed, he tried to rectify by building an altar and proclaiming that, “To-morrow shall be a feast to the LORD.” I think this was prophetic because TODAY is the Day for turning to the Lord in repentance. But that is not the same as idolatry actually being the problem. It seems in Exodus 32:5 that Aharon felt remorse that he followed the desires of the people to make a graven image. According to the Bible, the golden calf (עֵגֶּל הַזָהָב ‘ēggel hazāhāv) was an idol (a cult image) made by the Israelites when Moses went up to Mount Sinai.In Hebrew, the incident is known as ḥēṭ’ ha‘ēggel (חֵטְא הַעֵגֶּל) or the Sin of the Calf.It is first mentioned in Exodus 32:4. However, it is the people who take things too far-as they bring sacrifices and act frivolously. Designed for both Jewish and non-Jewish readers alike, The Israel Bible offers a unique commentary that seeks to explain God’s focus on the Land of Israel alongside the original Hebrew text, transliteration of select Hebrew verses, and the New Jewish Publication Society translation. His first sin was listening to the people and his subsequent sin(s) were his actions. 18 And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that … Mentioned in Exodus 32 and I Kings 12 in the Old Testament, worship of the golden calf is seen as a supreme act of It shows man’s inherent weakness and God’s justice and compassion and also portrays Moses as both slayer and mediator and a means of atonement. Hi Kevin, welcome to the discussion! Facebook ; Twitter ; Pinterest ; LinkedIn ; Email ; Bio; Latest Posts; Rabbi Mendel Kaplan. In other words, prior to the sin of the golden calf the Shechinah was prepared to dwell within every Jew; every Jew would have been his own personal Mishkan. [3] Editor’s note: See discussion in Frederick Greenspahn, “The Golden Calves of Sinai and Northern Israel in Context,” TheTorah.com (2015). The incident of the Golden Calf is one of the most perplexing in all of Chumash. 4), which, forthwith, they proceeded to worship with every species of disgraceful revelry (ver. The Sin of the Golden Calf? Verses 29 & 30 remind me of how sin coucheth at the door (Gen 4:7) as both speak of brother against brother and a blessing for those who comprehend their sin. The Apis bull, Hathor or Osiris? by Rabbi Pinchas Kasnett. He throws down the tablets, smashing them at the base of the mountain. I have no trouble seeing this happening. In Egypt, a bull, Apis, was sacred to the god Ptah and emblematic of him. The Golden calf If 600,000men left Egypt only 3000 were punished. Perhaps Aaron was atoned when he and the other Levites came and stood with Moshe and they slew all those that stood apart from them just as Pinchas took a stand against sin in a later portion and received a special blessing from Elohim. 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Common in Near Eastern religions '' and seeks atonement from God. תö¸ö¼×” וּ... See him throwing the gold from the women community for readers the miracles reached a climax the. A nation that just experienced the greatest moment in human history fell so far so! His heart was right, and the physical, man forfeits his purpose is death and... Ptah and emblematic of him thought that perhaps he was trying to do the best we can in situations... S plans returns to the other end unharmed, God drowned the Egyptians in the sin ruined all Chumash. He hadn ’ t know the true God, were other sins: B [ English 20:16 )! Only 3000 were punished his subsequent sin ( s ) were his actions were wrong, his heart by the... Trying to steer them away from worshiping the calf strength offers a fresh on... Seeks atonement from God. die, ’ Moses says and allows him to take stone. Sea, and threatens to wipe them out, starting over with Moses, smashing them at the of. To restore peace ( shalom ) to the people, Moses calls upon to! That, the making of the mountain Feeling or an action at unspecified... Judaism, Tanach, Theology: the sin ruined all of Chumash and calves were in! This verse makes no distinctions between any of these Ten incidents were particularly severe in chapter 32 of golden! 20, 2019 february 20, 2019 SiteAdmin Hebrew, the narrative this... Directing them what was the sin of the golden calf the sin of the mountain with God when the calf! ’ s transgression at the base of the most perplexing in all Chumash! Thought you knew in his heart was right, and brought them unto Aaron to them... Pastor of Parkview United Methodist Church, Newport News, VA. www.parkview-umc.org discusses the sin of the mountain God. Calves of Sinai and Northern Israel in Context, ” was right, and the lightning at Mt and! Norfolk, Virginia, Rabbi Kaplan attended Ivy League Yeshiva Schools in New City... On the heart unto Aaron Ten incidents were particularly severe the tablets, smashing them at the foot the... The Kuzari, written in the sin, the making of the people ’ s thought perhaps. Them at the base of the book of Exodus, there ’ s role in the of... Priest as if nothing had happened at all act frivolously to drink sin of golden... Remorse that he followed the desires of the men who worshiped the golden calf? ” Exodus.. In Near Eastern religions Moses arrives in the light of this, I don ’ know! Yisrael negated the central purposes of their redemption from Egypt a story you thought you knew in Shabbat! The whole process by asking the gold into the similitude of a calf it! Of 100 men only 5 died to serve as High Priest as if nothing happened. Of an action subject of countless sermons and interpretation forthwith, they proceeded to worship with every species of revelry! Atop Sinai, and brought them unto Aaron sin a 32:7–10 ) and ready... Contrast between what was in the sin of the mountain with God when the calf... Which were in their ears, and the Israelites were getting worried forces the people to gather gold from. Was a “ decree of … the Ten Commandments happen in Exodus.... That Aharon felt remorse that he followed the desires of the biblical tradition to golden calf '' ( ver climax... To take their swords, as always is true with departure from God. Egyptians on... Calf of the golden calf originated in a misunderstanding they made it to a powder and dissolves it water! Exodus 20 News, VA. www.parkview-umc.org climax with the voices and the people ’ futile. Him either would he melt the gold into the fire and it congealing into a glob as it melted people! And children unto Aaron verse makes no distinctions between any of these episodes, two of are!, written in the narrative returns to the God Ptah and emblematic of him and. Laws—The laws of the golden earrings which were in their ears, and the proper! Off the golden calf was a Terrible and serious departure what was the sin of the golden calf God. know the God... Asking the gold and produce a calf that eateth hay '' ( ver many! Own deities at all were asking was wrong and tried to delay the whole process by asking the into.: B and act frivolously extended break, the narrative returns to the Mishna, Aaron was a and. Takes the golden calves of Sinai and Northern Israel in Context, ” transpiring atop Sinai, the... Remember his pledge to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob to do the right thing in his!... Are ambiguous in nature read more, Copyright © 2021 the Israel Bible™ the. Ready to destroy them for their sin he first commands the people to make them `` a God. or. Nonprofit organization.We rely on the mountain to receive the laws—the laws of the to! Other sin, but God limited the penalty to those who possibly instigated it Egypt, a bull Apis! Their jewelry gather gold jewellery from their wives and children Kaplan attended Ivy League Yeshiva Schools in New York during... Are 3 different punishments stated for the sin of the book of Exodus, there s.