irene of athens

Irene was born in Athens about the year 752. Another victory by the Arabs reduced Irene’s support among the government leaders. During Theodote’s life, their residence became a monastery. By 792, the feud between Irene and her son had cooled and Irene's title as empress was confirmed. Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. Irene was born to a noble Greekfamily of Athens, the Sarantapechos family. In 780, Irene arranged a marriage for her son with a daughter of the Frankish King Charlemagne, Rotrude. Filter by post type. Because the Byzantine empire was now ruled by a woman, who by law could not head the army or occupy the throne, Pope Leo III declared the throne vacant, and held a coronation in Rome for Charlemagne on Christmas Day in 800, naming him Emperor of the Romans. Greater Athens has an area of 165 square miles (427 square km). Captured by forces friendly to Irene, Constantine was brought back to Constantinople to the Purple Palace, Porphyra, where he was born, and there blinded in mid-August 797, apparently with the foreknowledge of his mother, Irene. Her zeal for the restoration of icons put an end to the most virulent phase of iconoclasm in the Byzantine empire and paved the way for the permanent acceptance of icons in the Orthodox Church. These were economically disastrous moves for the empire as a whole, leading the patriarchs to want to end her reign. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Irene of Athens (c.752–803), Find a Grave Memorial no. He crushed an Armenian revolt with reported cruelty. They were discovered; Irene had the brothers ordained into the priesthood and thus ineligible to succeed. The Caliph Al-Mahdi invaded Leo’s lands several times, always defeated. Pronunciation of Irene Of Athens with 1 audio pronunciation, 14 translations and more for Irene Of Athens. By her marriage to Emperor Leo IV the Khazar, Irene had only one son Constantine VI, whom she succeeded on the throne. Ideally located in the heart of Athens, yet connected to the seaside southern suburbs, Casa D'Irene is close to major sights of Athens. However, after she had disclosed the location of the imperial treasures she held Nikephoros banished her to the island of Lesbos, where she supported herself by spinning. With Leo's death, his son became emperor as Constantine VI, but since he was only ten years old his mother Irene was installed with him as co-emperor, and she immediately reversed the iconoclastic policies of her husband. 42759397, citing Constantinople, Monastery of St Euphrosyne, Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey ; Maintained by Find A Grave . Their son was born just a little over a year after the marriage. The next year, the Byzantines were at war with the Franks; the Byzantines largely prevailed. This came at a critical point in history, when the eastern empire was controlled by iconoclasts. Part of the Isaurian (Syrian) dynasty ruling the Eastern Roman Empire. The controversy over icons continued; his ancestor Leo III had outlawed them, but Irene came from the west and revered icons. Constantine was not a successful emperor. Irene of Athens (c. 752 – 9 August 803), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina, was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Leo IV from 775 to 780, regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, co-regent from 792 until 797, and finally sole ruler and first empress regnant o Leo died in September of 780 of a fever while fighting against the Caliph’s armies. In 802 Irene was deposed and exiled to Prinkipo (now Büyükada) and then to Lesbos, where she died August 9, 803. Constantine V died in 775, and Leo IV, known as the Khazar for his maternal heritage, became the emperor, and Irene the empress consort. With the election of Tarasius as the Patriarch of Constantinople on December 25, 784, she was able to convene the Seventh Ecumenical Council. The years of Leo’s rule were full of conflicts. Some contemporaries and later scholars suspected Irene of poisoning her husband. Another meeting was assembled in Nicaea in 787. Leo, however, was a steadfast iconoclast who, according to tradition, found that Irene possessed icons and thereafter would no longer share their marriage bed. History of Athens-Wikipedia That she was a woman, and an iconophile offended many, and her late husband’s half-brothers again tried to take over the throne. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Medieval Queens, Empresses, and Women Rulers, Biography of Anna Comnena, the First Female Historian, Five Roman Empresses You Shouldn't Invite to Dinner, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. [1] Irene of Athens (Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία; 752 – 9 August 803 AD), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina (Εἰρήνη Σαρανταπήχαινα), was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Leo IV from 775 to 780, Byzantine regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, and finally ruling Byzantine (Eastern Roman) empress from 797 to 802. They apparently were the center of another plot to take over power in 812 but were again exiled. Irene came from a noble family in Athens. Not having a dynastic background, Irene was continually confronted by opposition forces, some of whom used Leo's half-brothers as figureheads. He was 26 years old. Learning from the experience in Constantinople, Irene arranged that the council in 787 would be away from the capital, in Nicea, which incidentally was the site of Constantine the Great's council of 325. When Leo died in 780, she became regent for her nine-year-old son. Text. She sponsored many philanthropic endeavors, remitting taxes and canceling payments from soldiers' widows, which were required in lieu of the deceased soldiers' military service. Initially convened in Constantinople on August 1, 786, the council was moved to Nicea in May 787 because of the instigated opposition in Constantinople of soldiers loyal to the iconoclasts who forced the dissolution of the 786 sessions. Then, through the use of a bride-show, Irene selected Maria of Amnia as Constantine's bride. She was also known to have initiated the Second Council of Nicea. Leo exiled his half-brothers. This page has been accessed 43,263 times. She was brought to Constantinopleby Emperor Constantine Von November 1, 769, and was married to his son Leo IVon December 17. [1] Although she was an orphan, her uncle or cousin Constantine Sarantapechos was a patrician and possibly also a strategos ("general") of the theme of Hellas at the end of the eighth century. Sarantapechos and ? FAQs. A relative of Irene’s, Theophano of Athens, was married in 807 by Nikephoros to his son Staurakios. DOC 1a.1; Sear 1599; Füeg 1.C.1. The Byzantines did not recognize Charlemagne as Emperor until 814, and never recognized him as Roman Emperor, a title they believed was reserved for their own ruler. Irene of Athens - Champion of Orthodoxy and the Birth of the Welfare State. Irene of Athens, Byzantine basilissa, is comparable to Egyptian queen Hatshepsut, and Russian empress Catherine the Great. She was married by Constantine V, ruler of the Eastern Empire, to his son, the future Leo IV, in 769. Constantine had his uncle Nikephorus blinded and his other uncles’ tongues split when their revolt failed. She is best known for ending Iconoclasm. We don’t know much about her parents, but she was very young when they passed, leaving the poor little girl at the mercy of different relatives. He was soon defeated in battle by the Bulgars and then by the Arabs, and his half-uncles again attempted to take control. It is believed that she was born of a Greek noble family. In the clash over the veneration of icons, a patriarch, Tarasius, was appointed in 784, on condition that veneration of images was to be reestablished. Prior to becoming Empress regnant, Irene had been empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. Her family background is not known. Constantine tried to flee but was captured and returned to Constantinople, where, on the orders of Irene, he was blinded by his eyes being gouged out. Athens, under conquest, flourished in the Hellenistic and Roman era, remaining a major student town until Late Antiquity, and becoming the modern capital of Greece. This was, however, one more reason that Constantine lost support. Irene was born in Athens sometime between 750 and 755. Same type. one child: Constantine VI (January 14, 771 – about 797 or before 805), emperor 780 - 797. In the meantime, having taken Theodote, Irene's lady-in-waiting, as mistress, Constantine arranged that Theodote be crowned augusta, a title which Maria was not granted, and then married her. Although she was an orphan, her uncle, Constantine Sarantapechos, was a patricianand possibly strategosof the themeof Hellas. Irene of Athens (c. 752 – 9 August 803), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina, was Byzantine empress consort by marriage to Leo IV from 775 to 780, regent during the minority of her son Constantine VI from 780 until 790, co-regent from 792 until 797, and finally sole ruler and first empress regnant of the Byzantine Empire from 797 to 802. Irene is sometimes recognized as a saint in the Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church, with a feast day of August 9. She arranged the convening of the Second Council of Nicea in 787 that restored the practice of veneration of icons. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. Although she was an orphan, her uncle or cousin Constantine Sarantapechos was a patrician and possibly also a strategos ("general") of the theme of Hellas at the end of the eighth century. By 780, Leo had reversed his position and was again supportive of the iconoclasts. Irene of Athens was the wife of the Byzantine Emperor Leo IV and mother of Constantine VI, both strong iconoclasts. This also brought the Eastern church back into unity with the church of Rome. She was born about 752. She gave birth to a son, Constantine, on January 14, 771. Constantine, however, did not like Maria and forced her to become a nun. After her son Theophilus became emperor and married, she returned to religious life. In 788, Irene held a bride show to select a bride for her son. Irene's place in the Orthodox Christian church is that of a strong defender of the veneration of images. F. Halkin, Analecta Bollandiana, 106 (1988) 5-27; see also W.T. Theodote had been one of his mother’s ladies-in-waiting. Upon the death of Constantine V in 775, Irene's husband Leo ascended to the throne as Leo IV. She is most remembered for her marriage to Charlemagne in 803, unifying the Franks and the Byzantines. She died on August 9, 803. By this marriage they had two daughters, Euphrosyne and Irene. Before that, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. She was married by Constantine V, ruler of the Eastern Empire, to his son, the future Leo IV, in 769. Irene, (born c. 752, Athens—died Aug. 9, 803, Lesbos), Byzantine ruler and saint of the Greek Orthodox Church who was instrumental in restoring the use of icons in the Eastern Roman Empire. Athens lies 5 miles (8 km) from the Bay of Phaleron, an inlet of the Aegean (Aigaíon) Sea where Piraeus (Piraiévs), the port of Athens, is situated, in a mountain-girt arid basin divided north-south by a line of hills. Leo, however, was a steadfast iconoclastwho, according to tradition, found that Irene possessed icons and thereafter would no longer … The half-brothers attempted another uprising in 799, and the other brothers were at that time blinded. Technically, the throne was not hereditary, and the leaders of government had to elect the emperor. Then, she had them administer communion at the Divine Liturgy on the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord to demonstrate that they had rejected politics. Jump to navigation Jump to search. This time, she was replaced on the throne by Nikephoros, a finance minister. searching for Irene of Athens 3 found (142 total) alternate case: irene of Athens. She was a member of the noble Greek Sarantapechos family, which had significant political influence in central mainland Greece. Before becoming empress, she was consort to Leo IV from 775 to 780 and empress dowager from 780 to 797. Ruling alone, Irene reigned from 797 to 802, calling herself basileus (βασιλεύς), "emperor," rather than basilissa (βασίλισσα), "empress." Rivalries in court also intensified. This council, in contrast with the robber council of 754 in Hieria, was attended by the patriarchs or their representatives. Since Irene didn’t have any siblings, she must have had quite a lonely childhood being shuttled from one house to another. Her family background is not known. Irene apparently attempted to arrange a marriage between herself and Charlemagne, but the scheme failed when she lost power. English: Saint Irene (Greek: Ειρήνη, Eirēn ē) (c. 752 – August 9, 803) was Byzantine empress from 797 to 802. Empress Irene of Athens was the first female ruler of the Byzantine Empire. Irene had taken a hands-off attitude with Constantine's handling of his marriage. In 790, discontent swelled to open resistance when soldiers from the Theme of Armeniacs proclaimed Constantine the sole ruler. She accepted her fall from power, perhaps to save her life, and was exiled to Lesbos. Irene of Athens (Greek: Εἰρήνη ἡ Ἀθηναία; c. 752 – 9 August 803 AD), also known as Irene Sarantapechaina (Greek: Εἰρήνη Σαρανταπήχαινα), was Byzantine (Eastern Roman) empress from 797 to 802. 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