Modern Kodaikanal was established by American Christian missionaries and British bureaucrats in 1845, as a refuge from the high temperatures and tropical diseases of the plains. (26 December 2000) Environmental Information System - ENVIS : India. The causes, originating from a Hindustan Unilever thermometer factory nearby, were reported to be dispersal of elemental mercury into the atmosphere from improper storage and dispersal into the water from surface effluents from the factory. [26], In 1994 the Potter's Shed was inaugurated. Watermelons are true ‘summer blessings’ as they keep you hydrated.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'indiagardening_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_1',111,'0','0'])); Nothing like relishing the slices of muskmelon in hot Indian summer.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'indiagardening_com-leader-1','ezslot_3',112,'0','0'])); Pear features gritty texture, fruity aroma, and sweet taste that varies with the variety. Winter Cherry Tamil Name: Amukkura-Kizhangu. கொடித்தோடை பழம், இயற்கை உணவுகளை விரும்புவோர் மத்தியில் பிரபலமாகி வரும் ஒரு சத்தான வெப்பமண்டல பழம் ஆகும். [3] Kodaikanal is referred to as the "Princess of Hill stations" and has a long history as a retreat and popular tourist destination. Since Kodaikanal was founded by the American and European missionaries, Christian churches are abundant. [38] In the late 1970s the inside of the caves was well photographed.[39]. Entry is restricted into the Berijam Lake area to between 9.30 a.m. and 3 p.m. Bison, deer, panthers, and snakes are often spotted in this area. Kodaikanal is enclosed with wonderful valleys and villages and therefore, it is one of the most renowned hill stations in India. The Government Hospital is situated on the hillside near Rock Cottage on Lower Shola Road. These hospitals treat patients with common ailments and injuries and perform child delivery and care, but are not equipped with modern medical equipment for complicated diagnoses and surgery. ... 6:53. Competing with the fruit trees are the flowering ones, mainly rhododendron and magnolia. By pronouncing the first syllable of Kodaikanal with a long Tamil 'O', as in koe-dei, it means "summer", whilst the final two syllables kanal can mean "to see", rendering Kodaikanal as a "place to see in summer". Water lilies in the park's pond are another pleasing sight. It is open daily to the public during peak season, and a few hours each Friday the rest of the year.[34]. The factory sold much of this waste to a junkyard in Kodaikanal and also dumped large quantities in the forest behind the factory. Home Tourism by country subdivision Tourism in India by state or union territory The meaning of Kodaikanal in Tamil is Gift of the Forest. The economy of Kodaikanal predominantly depends on tourism. Vegetables & Fruits names in TAMIL and ENGLISH Eternal Dreamer. On the west is a plateau leading to Manjampatti Valley, Indira Gandhi National Park, the Anamalai Hills and the main body of the Western Ghats of Kerala border. [4] In the 20th century a few elite Indians came to realise the value of this enchanting hill station and started relocating here.[9]. Made from dried grapes, the essence of raisins pep up the flavor of kheer, pudding, and laddoo. The KMU library with many valuable old books besides newer materials, is still functioning in one room, and provides something of a social venue. Kodaikanal has the economy which is mostly supported by the hospitality industry serving tourism. Fresh Passion Fruit from Kodaikanal - Passion fruits are round to oval in shape with a soft to firm juicy interior, filled with numerous seeds. The Palani hill range is the eastern region in the widest part of the entire western ghats- (athirapalli in kerala to kanninvadi in tamil nadu - 120 km wide). It was a small municipal hospital until 1927. Almost all distances from Kodaikanal are calculated with the lake as the central point of reference. Guna caves,[36] made popular by the Tamil movie Gunaa, previously called Devil's Kitchen, are deep bat-infested chambers between the three gigantic boulders that are the Pillar Rocks. The Hindustan Unilever thermometer factory caused widespread mercury pollution through improper disposal of broken thermometer waste containing large quantities of mercury. There is also a smaller but more serene waterfall below the bridge which crosses the stream here. There is an active community of Tibetan Buddhist refugees. In 2010 the workers were still fighting for compensation. It has mellow and sweet flesh that can be scooped for relishing raw. Meadows and grasslands cover the hillsides. Kodaikanal is one of Tamil Nadu's finest hill stations. Major roads are converted into one-way lanes to regulate the constant inflow of traffic and special police are brought in for the safety of the tourists and protection of local businesses. Keeping the short Tamil 'o' but adding a long 'a', Kodai could be understood as the Tamil word for umbrella, where Kodaikanal is a forest fashioned like a protecting umbrella.[3]. Kodaikanal Lake is an artificial, roughly star-shaped 45-hectare (110-acre) lake built in 1863. The head office for the educational district serving from Batlagundu government boys higher secondary school. Poombarai Village (Kudhanthai Velappar Temple) is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the bus-stand. Required fields are marked *, Can You Eat Banana Leaves? Nestled in the Palani hills of Tamil Nadu, amidst sylvan and serene surroundings is Ammikulavi Estate, wherein our resort is located. On the east the hill slopes less abruptly into the lower Palnis. Tamil is narrated as “the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past,” as this language is known for having the oldest literature work. Indian Institute of Astrophysics - A Brief History, Solar Observatory at Kodaikanal, retrieved 3/13/2007. Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation and Department of Tourism, "Kodaikanal-Princess of Hill Stations". Kodaikanal Tourism - travel guide with tourist places to visit in Kodai, sightseeing & things to do, trip duration, weather, best season, tour packages & directions. Fish samples were taken from Kodaikanal lake also showed Hg levels in the range of 120 to 290 mg/kg, confirming that pollution of the lake had taken place due to mercury emissions from the factory. Kodaikanal is referred to as the "Princess of Hill stations" and has a long history as a retreat and popular tourist destination. 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