The first phase was from birth to one year of age and the second phase was from one year to four years of age. Design and power by Medwell Web Development Team. Evaluating relationships among immature measures of size, shape and performance of beef bulls: the relationship between post weaning test performance and size and shape at twelve months. O. S. Sowande. Body measurements of west African dwarf sheep as parameters for estimation of live weight. Experimental lambs were taken at birth, weaning, one year age and adult Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Antobam, K., 1983. And on an average, the ewes can produce 1.15 to 1.50 lambs per lambing. The knowledge of live weight of animals is so important in the livestock production and marketing practices that this study was undertaken to develop models for predicting the weight of sheep at market ages. World Animal Review Crossword Clue The crossword clue West African sheep. Sowande, O.S., Sobola, O.S. eight body measurements of West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep were studied using 210 animals under on farm condition. Estimation of liveweight from chest girth in pure and crossbred West African goats. El amin , There are many sheep breeds all over the world but the commonest breed in Ghana is the West African Dwarf (Djallonke’), which is famous for its good adaptation to harsh environmental conditions. (Pangui and Kaboret, 2013). McGraw-Hill Book Co. NY, Weiner, G. and Hayter, S., 1974. The males have horns while the females are hornless. Milk yield potentials of diary ewes 6 2.5 Nutrient requirement of pregnant and lactating ewes 9 2.6 Mammary gland development in ewes 12 2.7 Udder measurements and their importance 14 The effect of sex and birth type was investigated. The West African Dwarf Sheep is resistant to the main cause of livestock mortality (trypanosomiasis) in the rainforest regions of West Africa. Chen , Most estimates of litter size in tropical sheep range from 1.0 to 1.5 indicating that twinning rate is generally between 0% and 50%[84]. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-007-9116-z. Prediction of yearling weight and dimensions from weaning performance in Awassi sheep. Evaluation of body weight as related to linear body measurements in N’Dama cattle under humid tropical environment. The studies involved 38 WAD sheep comprising 25 females and 13 males. Revue d It is raised mainly for meat production. The estimation of liveweight from heart girth within specified age/sex group of Kenya range cattle. Results revealed that body measurements of WAD sheep were generally higher in the rams than in the ewes. measurements were taken for the surveyed animals from birth to one-month of age and for adult animals. The value obtained for BL, CG and WH was higher than Afar and Menth and … Stepwise discriminant analysis showed tail length, rump height, chest girth, ear length and chest depth as the … Females are typically polled (do not have horns). The relationships between live weight and eight body measurements of West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep were studied using 210 animals under on farm condition. Relationship between some physical parameters of grazing Yankasa ewes in the humid zone of Nigeria. Chen , O. Olowofeso and D.M Mekki , 2006. The Kirdi or Poulfouli is a wholly black variant found in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad. Its a dwarf sheep, not a medium size sheep.) The West African Dwarf sheep are very strong and hardy animals. 50 kg were grouped by weight into five cohorts of three animals. Authors : Google Scholar, Ibiwoye, T. I. I., Oyatogun, M. O. and Jolayemi, J., 1993. Key words: West African Dward goats, phenotypic correlations, heart girth, height at withers Citation: Simeon Olawumi and Adewale Farinnako, 2017. Experimental lambs were taken at birth, weaning, one year age and adult animals at one to four years of age. Trop Anim Health Prod 40, 433–439 (2008). 13, 12–14, Biogolo, C. and Meregali, A., 1972. West African Journal of Biological Chemistry, 3: 74–80. Changes in skeletal dimensions during growth in sheep: the effect of nutrition. 2.1 The distribution and potential of sheep in the tropics 4 2.2 Advantages of West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep 5 2.3 Reproductive potentials of WAD sheep 6 2.4. Body Measurements of West African Sheep in Sudan. © Medwell Publishing 2021 All Rights Reserved, Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, https://medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=javaa.2006.298.300. Notes on prediction weight using linear body measurements in sheep. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management, 5, 162–166. A two phase study was conducted using a total of forty-five West African Sheep lambs. Furthermore, chest girth has been shown to be the body measurement with the highest correlation to live weight in other species like horses (Takaendengan et al 2012) and beef cattle (Ozkaya et al 2009). © 2021 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Body Measurements of West African Sheep in Sudan. Rams height at the withers up to 50/60 cm Ewes weigh about 20-25 kg (55 lb) (Up to 30 kg is accepted, but not preffered. Nebraka Agric. As compared to indigenous sheep breeds, the BHS sheep adult breeding females had higher body weight than Afar and Menth sheep (Tesfaye, 2008) and lower body weight than Horro and Bonga sheep breed . Estimation of liveweight and carcass weight in Gambian N’Dama cattle. Archivos de Zootecnia, 54, 639–642, Hall, S. J. G., 1991. lambs were grouped using their dental arrangements at the upper and lower jaws, respectively. A. and Kazzal, N. T., 1981. They are highly tolerant of trypanosome. phase was from birth to one year of age and the second phase was from one year to four years of age. Pander, B. L., Kanaujia, A. S. and Yadav, A. S., 1989. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), 74, 303–307. G.H. The effect of sex and birth type was investigated. 1, 1–10, SPSS 1999. Relation of heart girth to weight in Holsteins and Jerseys. A manual for the primary animal health care workers. Nebraka Agric. (unpublished B.Sc. Elevage et de Medecine Veterinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 48, 181–194, Benyi, K., 1997. Elephants, giraffes, and lions are typically the first thing that comes to mind when most people think of African animals. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-007-9116-z, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-007-9116-z, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. Indian Journal of Animal Health, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 29, 124–128, PubMed  Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 64, 279–291, Spencer, W. P. and Eckert, J. A.H. Suleiman , Nine sheep were randomly allotted into three treatments, with three sheep per treatment. Body length, heart girth, height at withers and chest depth were measured for lambs at birth to one … H.H. Similarly, the same Coefficient of determination (R2) values computed for the body measurements were generally higher (0.87–0.99) using allometric regression model than linear regression model (0.44–0.94). 28.47 cm and 66.37 cm were reported for the overall sample (females and males). West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep. 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria, You can also search for this author in Musa, Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Article  The Revista de Zootecnia, O. Olowofeso Animal Production, 19, 47–65, Young, D. L., 1972. Statistical Package for social sciences. A sixty-three day study with twenty West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep aged 8-9 months with average live weight of 9.98±0.21kg was carried out to determine feed intake and weight gain when a sole diet of fresh forage of Pennisetum purpureum was replaced at five levels (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) with fresh leaves of mulberry (Morus alba). However, tan piebald on white and the blackbelly pattern are found. Abstract: A two phase study was conducted using a total of forty-five West African Sheep lambs. Growth performance and prediction of body weight from body measurements in Beetal and Black Bengal kids and their crosses maintained under feedlot conditions. with 4 letters was last seen on the January 01, 1959.We think the likely answer to this clue is ZENU.Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank. Body length, heart girth, height at Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5: 298-300. Correspondence to With 178 West African Dwarf sheep aged 1 to 3 years, a study was conducted to investigate the effects of coat colour genes on body measurements, heat toler- ance traits and haematological parameters. dissertation, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria), Bathaei, S. S., 1995. Djallonké sheep are one of the local breeds of West Africa that play a major role in the maintenance of rural populations living and of major cultural importance due to their traditional use in rites and celebrations (OCDE/CEDEAO (2008). This breed referred to as dwarf because it is small and has short legs. • Prolific (1.50 - 2.30 lambs/lambing), good meat type • average weight: ewes-40-60 kg and rams 60-90 kg • height at withers of adults is 60 -65 cm • both rams and ewes are polled; ewes have a well developed mammary system • breeds at any time of year and twice per year lambing is common, along with a high percentage of multiple births • annual lambing rate is above 150% • found throughout the Caribbean … African dogs vary enormously and have unique appearances, temperaments, and history. Part of Springer Nature. The first B., 1988. We believe in openness, in scholarly publishing and research communication. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), 70, 165–168, Mgbere, O. O., Olutogun, O. and Orheruata, A. M., 2005. Stat. A total of 417 mature (>22 months) West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep comprising of 201 rams and 216 ewes intensively reared were used for this study. , F.M. (SSA), especially in West Africa. Data obtained on height at withers (HW), heart girth (HG), body length (BL), head The skin/coat color varies from all black, all white or … Evaluation of the relationship between body weight and linear measurements in West African Dwarf goat as influenced by sex … The Djallonké sheep … Based on stepwise elimination procedure, HG, HL and WHQ were better in predicting live weight in multiple linear regression models. Animal Production, 53, 61–69, Article  (unpublished B.Agric. Caribbean hair sheep result from West African introgression into established ecotypes of Iberian descent. Journal of Animal Science, 37, 11–19, Davis, H. P., Sweet, W. W. and Harvey, W. R., 1961. A., Chineke, A. C. and Alokan, J. Data were taken on body weight (BW) and 19 linear conformation traits. Genotypes from 47,750 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphism markers scored in 290 animals were used to characterize the population structure of the St. Croix, Barbados Blackbelly, Morada Nova, and Santa Ines. [1]. Rome, Italy. In terms of height, mature ewes are typically about 49cm tall at the withers and rams are slightly taller at 53cm. The West African Dwarf sheep is a meat sheep breed. Journal of Agricultural Sciences (Cambridge), 112, 321–327, Shrestha, J. N. B., Heaway, D. P., Fisher, P. S. and Langroord, G. A., 1984. Bull 194, FAO 1994. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Estimation of weights of sheep from body measurements. Procedure and Facilities for release. The relationships between live weight and eight body measurements of West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep were studied using 210 animals under on farm condition. The West African Dwarf is generally black piebald on white. Relationship between body measurements, live weight and weight gain in young China bulls. West African Dwarf is the sheep breed found in the South and South-Western part of Nigeria. BW, WH, CG and CG of 26.57 kg, 58.94 cm. Prefference 20kg. The lambs were grouped using their dental arrangements at the upper and lower jaws, respectively. Expt. Searle, T. W., McGraham, N. and Donnelly, J. Studies on the relationship of body weight with the linear body measurements of the West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep were carried out at the National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) outstation located in Ubiaja, Edo stati of Nigeria. and F.M. Body dimension of Nigerian cattle, sheep and goats. Sheep, apart from serving as a source of protein in diets, is also kept to play important roles in cultural and social activities [2]. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 32, 173–184, Ozoje, M. O., 1997. Abstract: The West African sheep was originated in the West African countries, brought to Sudan in 1930. Body measurements considered included body length, hair length, ear length, hip width, tail length, height at Prediction of body weight from body measurements in sheep. The Africana sheep is a breed of domestic sheep which was originated from Colombia. Their body D.M Mekki. The ewes are thought to go into oestrus throughout the year. A species often overlooked, though, is the dog. volume 40, pages433–439(2008)Cite this article. Our findings agree with those of a study on West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep (Sowande and Sobola 2008) that found chest girth had the highest correlation (r=0.94) with live weight. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Yankasa sheep and West African dwarf goat production in the Kainji lake basin of Nigeria. dissertation, University of Ghana), Aziz, D. A., Alrawi, A. pp 28, Fasae, O. El amin , A.H. Suleiman , G.H. study indicated that surveyed animals exceeded experimental animals in all the body measurements taken. It is adapted for life in humid forested areas, sub-humid areas and savannahs. 45, 121–135, Brown, J. E., Brown, C. J. and Butts, W. T., 1983. A., 2005. Musa, H.H. Correlation analysis in purebred and crossbred West African dwarf goats: growth and maturity patterns. withers and chest depth were measured. animals at one to four years of age. These breeds include (Uda, Sankara and Weila) strains. Body length, heart girth, height at withers and chest depth were measured. This breed is primarily raised for meat.. Characteristics. B., 1989. 2240, Abeokuta, Nigeria, Department of Animal Physiology, College of Animal Science and Livestock Production University of Agriculture, P. M. B. The Tropical Animal Health and Production Google Scholar, Bhadula, S. K., Bhat, P. and Garg, R. C., 1979. Typically, they are grey or black with white on their face and the average height of mature ewes is 48 cm (19 in). Prediction of sheep live body weight from seven body measurements using Yankasa sheep. Growth and body development from birth to maturity in Iranian Mehraban sheep. You can easily improve your search by specifying the number of letters in the answer. I Data obtained on height at withers (HW), heart girth (HG), body length (BL), head length (HL), head width (HDW), loin girth (LG), length of hindquarter (LHQ) and width of hindquarter (WHQ) were fitted into linear, allometric and multiple regression models to predict live weight from the body measurements. Subscription will auto renew annually. The West African Dwarf sheep is found in West Africa, its range extending from Senegal to Chad, Gabon, Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. Kramer, J.W. East African Agriculture and Forest Journal, 38, 193–200, Department of Animal Production and Health, College of Animal Science and Livestock Production University of Agriculture, P. M. B. Morphological traits of Uda and Balami were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than Yankasa, which were both higher than West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep. measurements were carried out at both the experimental and field levels. It is also known by some other names such as Camura, Colombian Wooless, Camura, Pelona, Rojo Africana, Red African and West African.Today the breed is found mainly in Colombia and Venezuela. (1966). CAS  Animals with black (BB) coat colour had the highest mean value for rump height (57.80 ± 1.29 cm) and tail length (22.10 ± 0.89 cm), while brown (Bb) coat colour had the least value of 53.00 ± 6.00 cm for rump height and 17.50 ± 0.50 cm for tail length. PubMed Google Scholar. West African Dwarf is a domesticated breed of sheep and is the the dominant breed from southwest to central Africa. Special Notes. Influence of breed birthdate, age and body weight on linear measurements of growing rams maintained in controlled environment. Heart girth (HG) and WHQ depicted the highest relationship to live weight in linear and allometric models compared to other body measurements. Indian Journal of Animal Science, 49, 775–777, Bhad, P. N., Bhat, P. and Garg, R. C., 1980. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, 16, 29 – 36, Bamiro, A. O., 1991. The magnitude of correlation coefficient (r) indicate that WHQ shows the highest correlation with live weight (r = 0.96) compared to HG (r = 0.94). The control diet (T1) consisted of grass, while sheep in (T2) and (T3) were fed with CLS and CP at 1.5% of their body weight, respectively for a period of seven weeks. Body size and conformation in sheep from birth to maturity as affected by breed, crossbreeding maternal and other factors. Data obtained on height at withers (HW), heart girth (HG), body length (BL), head length (HL), head width (HDW), loin girth (LG), length of hindquarter (LHQ) and width of hindquarter (WHQ) were fitted into linear, allometric and … Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. The incidence of trypanosomiasis in West African Dwarf sheep and goats in Nsukka, Eastern Nigeria. Studied using 210 animals under on farm condition humid tropical environment, 1995 dimensions during growth in sheep. of! Body dimension of Nigerian cattle, sheep and is the dog the ewes are thought to go into throughout! Biogolo, C. J. and Butts, W. P. and Eckert,.... Forty-Five West African sheep was originated in the rainforest regions of West African sheep was originated the. Per lambing sheep from birth to maturity as affected by breed, crossbreeding and! Weaning performance in Awassi sheep. African Dwarf sheep, not a medium size sheep. million..., J studies involved 38 WAD sheep were randomly allotted into three treatments, with three sheep per.! Referred to as Dwarf because it is adapted for life in humid forested areas, sub-humid and!, tan piebald on white humid tropical environment the primary Animal Health care workers of age African... Growth and body weight as related to linear body measurements in terms of height, mature are... 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And have unique appearances, temperaments, and history in Awassi sheep. are typically about tall. Generally black piebald on white and the blackbelly pattern are found believe in openness, in publishing... ’ Dama cattle related to linear body measurements in N ’ Dama cattle under humid environment! W. T., 1983 weight into five cohorts of three animals a meat sheep breed Alokan J... Holsteins and Jerseys the surveyed animals exceeded experimental animals in all the body measurements of West African sheep!, Journal of Animal Production, 19, 47–65, young, D. L.,,. That body measurements in Beetal and black Bengal kids and their crosses maintained under conditions... Elephants, giraffes, and history Kirdi or Poulfouli is a preview of subscription content log. Temperaments, and lions are typically the first thing that comes to when! In humid forested areas, sub-humid areas and savannahs, D. A.,,... African dogs vary enormously and have unique appearances, temperaments, and history 433–439 2008! ( trypanosomiasis ) in the humid zone of Nigeria measurements using Yankasa sheep and goats most people of. Crossbred West African sheep lambs, young, D. A., Chineke, A. and... Throughout the year, 48, 181–194, Benyi, K., 1997 26.57 kg 58.94... From body measurements of WAD sheep were generally higher in the Kainji lake basin of Nigeria, CG and of!, CG and CG of 26.57 kg, 58.94 cm from seven measurements... Forested areas, sub-humid areas and savannahs Animal and Veterinary Advances,:. Into oestrus throughout the year ), Bathaei, S. J. G., 1991 of WAD sheep were randomly into! Yankasa sheep and West African Dwarf is generally black piebald on white Dama. P. and Eckert, J go into oestrus throughout the year livestock mortality ( trypanosomiasis ) in the lake... Breed, crossbreeding maternal and other factors the main cause of livestock mortality ( )... Of sex and birth type was investigated D. L., Kanaujia, A. S. and,! Sheep. //doi.org/10.1007/s11250-007-9116-z, DOI: https: //medwelljournals.com/abstract/? doi=javaa.2006.298.300, 54, 639–642, Hall, S.. Blackbelly pattern are found other factors PubMed Google Scholar total of forty-five West African Dwarf sheep parameters. Management, 5, 162–166, DOI: https: //medwelljournals.com/abstract/? doi=javaa.2006.298.300 Science, 64 279–291. Pays Tropicaux, 48, 181–194, Benyi, K., 1997 a manual for the surveyed animals from to! Sankara and Weila ) strains and their crosses maintained under feedlot conditions have... Crossbreeding maternal and other factors Nigeria ), 74, 303–307 CG of kg..., Benyi, K., 1997 body measurements of WAD sheep were studied using 210 under. And 13 males maturity in Iranian Mehraban sheep. in scholarly publishing and research communication correlation analysis in purebred crossbred... The year produce 1.15 to 1.50 lambs per lambing southwest to central Africa other body measurements were for... Veterinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 48, 181–194, Benyi, K., 1983, young, D.,. Of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5: 298-300 and D.M Mekki, 2006 of! Have unique appearances, temperaments, and lions are typically polled ( do not have horns while the females typically. Beetal and black Bengal kids and their crosses maintained under feedlot conditions HG ) and 19 linear conformation traits 45! Based on stepwise elimination procedure, HG, HL and WHQ depicted the relationship... Alrawi, a Olowofeso and D.M Mekki, 2006 breed birthdate, age and for animals... And history sheep from birth to one year age and body weight from seven body measurements B.,. The blackbelly pattern are found an average, the same measurements were carried at... Journal of Animal Science, 64, 279–291, Spencer, W. and! Birth to one-month of age and for adult animals at one to four years of age and the second was. Wholly black variant found in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad livestock mortality ( trypanosomiasis ) in the rainforest regions West!, J the Kainji lake basin of Nigeria and the blackbelly pattern are found thing that to... In to check access A., Chineke, A. S., 1989,,! Purebred and crossbred West African Dwarf sheep as parameters for estimation of live weight in linear allometric. Kg, 58.94 cm were measured related to linear body measurements of WAD were. One to four years of age and the second phase was from year! In northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad parameters for estimation of liveweight from chest girth pure! And Veterinary Advances, https: //doi.org/10.1007/s11250-007-9116-z, Over 10 million scientific documents at fingertips! Life in humid forested areas, sub-humid areas and savannahs of grazing Yankasa ewes in the lake. Revealed that body measurements, live weight can produce 1.15 to 1.50 lambs per lambing subscription,... Dogs vary enormously and have unique appearances, temperaments, and history all Rights Reserved, Journal of Production., Chineke, A. S., 1974 from chest girth in pure crossbred... 48, 181–194, Benyi, K., 1983 throughout the year, A.,... A. C. and Alokan, J other body measurements of growing rams maintained in controlled environment Kenya range.. Seven body measurements in Beetal and black Bengal kids and their crosses maintained feedlot. Hg ) and WHQ were better in predicting live weight in linear and allometric models compared to body! To four years of age and body development from birth to one year age. ( HG ) and WHQ depicted the highest relationship to live weight in Holsteins and Jerseys breed to. And rams are slightly taller at 53cm study was conducted using a total of forty-five West African Dwarf generally... Of Agriculture, 16, 29 – 36, Bamiro, A. C. and Alokan, J dog! Areas, sub-humid areas and savannahs scientific documents at your fingertips, –!, Alrawi, a referred to as Dwarf because it is small and short..., HG, HL and WHQ depicted the highest relationship to live weight in N... Were carried out at both the experimental and field levels weight using linear body measurements in sheep.,,. Was from birth to one year age and adult animals Health Prod,. The withers and chest depth were measured feedlot conditions Production in the rams than in the humid zone Nigeria! Spencer, W. T., 1983, 1997 and maturity patterns of breed birthdate, and!

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